Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Psychology and Health Issues, ICoPHI 2023, 4 November 2023, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Description of Early Childhood Emotional Competence With Postpartum Depression Mothers

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.4-11-2023.2344719,
        author={Azzahra Cania Putri and Zakiah  Azzahra and Nabila Dhiya Janita and Andrha Octora Wiwansyah and Darma Zidane Gusnambi and Mafaza  Mafaza},
        title={Description of Early Childhood Emotional Competence With Postpartum Depression Mothers},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Psychology and Health Issues, ICoPHI 2023, 4 November 2023, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICOPHI},
        year={2024},
        month={3},
        keywords={emotional ability early childhood postpartum depression phenomenology ipa},
        doi={10.4108/eai.4-11-2023.2344719}
    }
    
  • Azzahra Cania Putri
    Zakiah Azzahra
    Nabila Dhiya Janita
    Andrha Octora Wiwansyah
    Darma Zidane Gusnambi
    Mafaza Mafaza
    Year: 2024
    Description of Early Childhood Emotional Competence With Postpartum Depression Mothers
    ICOPHI
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.4-11-2023.2344719
Azzahra Cania Putri1,*, Zakiah Azzahra1, Nabila Dhiya Janita1, Andrha Octora Wiwansyah1, Darma Zidane Gusnambi1, Mafaza Mafaza1
  • 1: Andalas University
*Contact email: azzahracaniaputri@gmail.com

Abstract

Postpartum depression not only affects the mother, but also the child. Neglect during infancy can affect the development of children's emotional abilities at an early age. This study aims to determine the description of the emotional abilities of early childhood who have postpartum depression mothers. The method used is a mix method between qualitative-phenomenological to mothers and direct assessment to children using Emotional Compentency Test Kits for Children. Subjects were mothers who had a history of postpartum depression and early childhood (3-6 years) obtained by purposive sampling technique. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with 3 mothers and then analyzed using the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) technique and the Emotional Competency Test Kits for Children assessment to 3 children. The results of the assessment also showed that 2 of the 3 subjects were in the medium emotional ability category and one was in the low category. In conclusion, early childhood with postpartum depression mothers are able to express their emotions according to the situation that occurs. However, they still experience limitations in labeling emotions and regulating emotions. Emotions that are often shown are negative emotions, in the form of anger and sadness. In addition, there are factors of maternal effort, maternal perceptions of child characteristics, and limited maternal interactions that affect children's emotional competence.