Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainability in Technological, Environmental, Law, Management, Social and Economic Matters, ICOSTELM 2022, 4-5 November 2022, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia

Research Article

Fiscal Decentralization Analysis on Stunting in Banten Province

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.4-11-2022.2329727,
        author={Hady  Sutjipto and Vadilla Mutia Zahara and Yosa  Amrifulhikam},
        title={Fiscal Decentralization Analysis on Stunting in Banten Province},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainability in Technological, Environmental, Law, Management, Social and Economic Matters, ICOSTELM 2022, 4-5 November 2022, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICOSTELM},
        year={2023},
        month={9},
        keywords={stunting dak per capita income poverty health facilities},
        doi={10.4108/eai.4-11-2022.2329727}
    }
    
  • Hady Sutjipto
    Vadilla Mutia Zahara
    Yosa Amrifulhikam
    Year: 2023
    Fiscal Decentralization Analysis on Stunting in Banten Province
    ICOSTELM
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.4-11-2022.2329727
Hady Sutjipto1,*, Vadilla Mutia Zahara1, Yosa Amrifulhikam1
  • 1: Ekonomi Pembangunan, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
*Contact email: hadysutjipto@untirta.ac.id

Abstract

Stunting is a condition of failure to thrive in children under five due to chronic malnutrition. Stunting is one of the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which is included in the 2nd sustainable development goal. Also the target set by the Indonesian government, which aims to reduce the stunting rate to 40 percent by 2025 (Ministry of Health, 2018). This study aims to find out what are the factors that influence the stunting prevalence rate and also how big the role of the government through the Special Allocation Fund for health is budgeted to overcome stunting problems in the Regency and City of Banten Province. The method used is panel data analysis, covering all districts and cities in Banten province from 2016 to 2020. The analysis model in this study uses the Fixed Effect Model (FEM). Based on the regression results, it shows that the special allocation funds and poverty have a significant negative effect on stunting. In this study, it was found that when the special allocation fund increased, stunting decreased. Meanwhile, per capita income and the number of health facilities, in this case puskesmas, did not have a significant effect on stunting. This is because the number of health facilities or puskesmas is not only insufficient to handle stunting cases, but the stunting prevention programs and interventions are not running effectively due to limited facilities and infrastructure.