Proceedings of the 4th BASA: International Seminar on Recent Language, Literature and Local Culture Studies, BASA, November 4th 2020, Solok, Indonesia

Research Article

Women Within Hegemonic Masculinity: A Case Study on The Short Story “As’adu Az-Zaujaini” By Taufiq Al-Hakim

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.4-11-2020.2314217,
        author={Zulfa  Purnamawatia and M. Hafidzulloh S.Mb},
        title={Women Within Hegemonic Masculinity: A Case Study on The Short Story “As’adu Az-Zaujaini” By Taufiq Al-Hakim},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 4th BASA: International Seminar on Recent Language, Literature and Local Culture Studies, BASA, November 4th 2020, Solok, Indonesia},
        publisher={ICST},
        proceedings_a={BASA},
        year={2021},
        month={12},
        keywords={hegemonic masculinity resistance feminism rw connell},
        doi={10.4108/eai.4-11-2020.2314217}
    }
    
  • Zulfa Purnamawatia
    M. Hafidzulloh S.Mb
    Year: 2021
    Women Within Hegemonic Masculinity: A Case Study on The Short Story “As’adu Az-Zaujaini” By Taufiq Al-Hakim
    BASA
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.4-11-2020.2314217
Zulfa Purnamawatia1,*, M. Hafidzulloh S.Mb2
  • 1: Arabic Literature, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada Sosiohumaniora Street, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
  • 2: Liteary Studies, Faculty Of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sosiohumaniora Street, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
*Contact email: zulfapw_arb@ugm.ac.id

Abstract

Duality between feminine and masculine is a conceptual scheme regarding the tendencies of gender class which generates hegemonic power. Since the age of ignorance (Jahiliyah) to the modern era, Arabic literature has been narrating female characters. However, the characterizations of women often present gender intersection entities that lead to social stratification. The current research focuses on the hegemonic masculinity experienced by the female figure in the short story "As'adu az-Zaujaini" by Taufik Al-Hakim and its relationships with social, economic, and family issues. It employs a feminism approach under the perspective of R. W Connel with descriptive qualitative research methods. The hegemonic masculinity that the male character play in the story illustrates a hierarchical situation based on gender differences. This situation leads to the cultural domination attitude. The results of this study prove a hegemonized female character by the cultural constructs of the male character. Hegemonized, the female character does not just remain silent. She keeps moving, being more progressive, by making breakthroughs and resistance against the shackling hegemonic masculinity. This action affirms that a woman is not only a subject to the normative structure between husband and wife, yet she can move outside and exist in the public sphere.