Proceedings of the 1st International Seminar on Cultural Sciences, ISCS 2020, 4 November 2020, Malang, Indonesia

Research Article

Tradition-responsive Approach as Non-medical Treatment in Mitigating the Covid-19 Pandemic in Tengger, East Java, Indonesia

Download261 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.4-11-2020.2308894,
        author={Sony  Sukmawan and Sahiruddin  Sahiruddin},
        title={Tradition-responsive Approach as Non-medical Treatment in Mitigating the Covid-19 Pandemic in Tengger, East Java, Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Seminar on Cultural Sciences, ISCS 2020, 4 November 2020, Malang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ISCS},
        year={2021},
        month={6},
        keywords={disaster folklore local wisdom mitigation plague treatment tolak bala (ward off misfortune)},
        doi={10.4108/eai.4-11-2020.2308894}
    }
    
  • Sony Sukmawan
    Sahiruddin Sahiruddin
    Year: 2021
    Tradition-responsive Approach as Non-medical Treatment in Mitigating the Covid-19 Pandemic in Tengger, East Java, Indonesia
    ISCS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.4-11-2020.2308894
Sony Sukmawan1,*, Sahiruddin Sahiruddin2
  • 1: Unversitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
  • 2: Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
*Contact email: sony_sukmawan@ub.ac.id

Abstract

Indonesia has inherent various local wisdoms or traditions in response to natural and non-natural disasters. This ethnographic study situating in Tengger village, Pasuruan regency aims at scrutinizing tolak bala (ward off misfortune) ritual, popularly known as nambak lelakon toward Covid-19. The tradition of plague healing inseparable from religious expressions has been assumed having power to double non-medical effort effects toward human physical endurance quality. Thus, nambak lelakon tradition is an effort to maintain and protect human life through collective non-medical mitigation particularly in avoiding the wide spread of Covid-19. The implementation of this tradition is not only part of cultural inheritance passed down from generation to generation through oral tradition (folklore) and a model of shared behavior but also it is mitigation effort toward non-natural disasters. This religious-based tradition is historically of essential to create social collective peace of mind. Nambal lelakon becomes a means of praying with total surrender to God, and it turns out that completely surrendering to God creates peace of mind. Positive thinking effectively reduces anxiety and builds a better mental health.