Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2021, 31 August 2021, Medan, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia

Research Article

Tamils Identity in Early Twentieth Century Medan

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313800,
        author={Muhammad  Rivai and Erond L. Damanik and Apriani  Harahap},
        title={Tamils Identity in Early Twentieth Century Medan},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2021, 31 August 2021, Medan, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIESC},
        year={2021},
        month={11},
        keywords={tamils identity medan},
        doi={10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313800}
    }
    
  • Muhammad Rivai
    Erond L. Damanik
    Apriani Harahap
    Year: 2021
    Tamils Identity in Early Twentieth Century Medan
    ICIESC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313800
Muhammad Rivai1,*, Erond L. Damanik2, Apriani Harahap1
  • 1: Department of History Education, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Social Science, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
*Contact email: muhammadrivai@unimed.ac.id

Abstract

This article discusses the Tamils identity in Medan city in the early 20th century. Tamil identity was politicized in such a way during the colonial period. The colonial regime identified the Tamils as Klings, which was later changed to Voor-Indiёr. Tamils were classified as Foreign Orientals under colonial law. Foreign Orientals is a racial category that determines political authority, social status, legal rights and obligations. Their relationship with other social groups is limited by segregation and discrimination regulations. However, Tamils can still form organizations aimed at strengthening primordial ties among themselves.