Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2021, 31 August 2021, Medan, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia

Research Article

Enhancing Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Ability Through the Implementation of the Research-Based Learning Model in Higher Education

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313755,
        author={Rohani  Rohani and Fitra  Delita and Eni  Yuniastuti and Rosni  Rosni and M.  Arif and M. Farouq Ghazali Matondang},
        title={Enhancing Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Ability Through the Implementation of the Research-Based Learning Model in Higher Education},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2021, 31 August 2021, Medan, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIESC},
        year={2021},
        month={11},
        keywords={critical thinking problem-solving ability research-based learning},
        doi={10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313755}
    }
    
  • Rohani Rohani
    Fitra Delita
    Eni Yuniastuti
    Rosni Rosni
    M. Arif
    M. Farouq Ghazali Matondang
    Year: 2021
    Enhancing Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Ability Through the Implementation of the Research-Based Learning Model in Higher Education
    ICIESC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.31-8-2021.2313755
Rohani Rohani1,*, Fitra Delita1, Eni Yuniastuti1, Rosni Rosni1, M. Arif1, M. Farouq Ghazali Matondang1
  • 1: Departement of Geography Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
*Contact email: rohanispdmsi@gmail.com

Abstract

Critical thinking and problem-solving ability as part of higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) can be improved through learning that facilitates students to interact and work together. The purpose of this study is to describe enhances critical thinking and problem solving ability among students. This research used a pre-experimental method with pretest and posttest group. The pretest and posttest test data were analyzed and the average N-gain was calculated to determine the increase in critical thinking and problem solving abilities after the application of Research-Based Learning. The results of the research indicate that the implementation of Research-Based Learning can develop critical thinking skills and problem-solving ability. It is proved by the fact that the students were able to show their interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, and explanation abilities as indicators of critical thinking. Also, the students able to understanding the problem, devising a plan, carrying out the plan (indicators of the problem-solving ability).