Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Contemporary Risk Studies, ICONIC-RS 2022, 31 March-1 April 2022, South Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Is Yogyakarta City Worthy of Waste-Based Energy Development?

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.31-3-2022.2320763,
        author={Mega Mutiara Sari and M. Sutisna Bayu Wira Bumi and Muhammad Fath Arroikhan El-Zain and Adhitya Yudha Kurnianto and Syarif  Hidayatullah and I Wayan Koko Suryawan and Iva Yenis Septiariva and Sapta  Suhardono},
        title={Is Yogyakarta City Worthy of Waste-Based Energy Development?},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Contemporary Risk Studies, ICONIC-RS 2022, 31 March-1 April 2022, South Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICONIC-RS},
        year={2022},
        month={8},
        keywords={waste to energy waste generation caloric value},
        doi={10.4108/eai.31-3-2022.2320763}
    }
    
  • Mega Mutiara Sari
    M. Sutisna Bayu Wira Bumi
    Muhammad Fath Arroikhan El-Zain
    Adhitya Yudha Kurnianto
    Syarif Hidayatullah
    I Wayan Koko Suryawan
    Iva Yenis Septiariva
    Sapta Suhardono
    Year: 2022
    Is Yogyakarta City Worthy of Waste-Based Energy Development?
    ICONIC-RS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.31-3-2022.2320763
Mega Mutiara Sari1,*, M. Sutisna Bayu Wira Bumi1, Muhammad Fath Arroikhan El-Zain1, Adhitya Yudha Kurnianto1, Syarif Hidayatullah1, I Wayan Koko Suryawan1, Iva Yenis Septiariva2, Sapta Suhardono2
  • 1: Universitas Pertamina
  • 2: Universitas Sebelas Maret
*Contact email: mega.ms@universitaspertamina.ac.id

Abstract

The city of Yogyakarta is the most significant waste contributor at the Piyungan Integrated Waste Disposal Site (TPST), Dukuh Ngablak. The need for land in landfill is getting higher and negatively impacts the environment, so processing waste into energy is one option. This study aims to answer whether the city of Yogyakarta is feasible in processing waste into energy. This study uses secondary data from the generation and composition of waste from the 2020 National Waste Management System. At the same time, the calorific value data is used from the literature study. The waste generation rate in 2020 in Yogyakarta City reached 0.09 kg/person/day. However, the waste generation produces a total dry weight of 274900.3 kg dry weight/day, while the complete potential energy recovery is 2290773.3 MJ/day. Therefore, the total calorific value of the Yogyakarta City waste generation is 6.37 MJ/kg, indicating a low value. This answers that waste processing with a thermal process is not suitable if applied with a mixture; therefore, high moisture waste must be separated first to produce a high calorific value.