Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Contemporary Risk Studies, ICONIC-RS 2022, 31 March-1 April 2022, South Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

The Causal Chain of The Covid-19 Pandemic and The Threat of Stunting: A Literature Review

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.31-3-2022.2320661,
        author={Vivi  Varlina and Stefani Ira Pratiwi},
        title={The Causal Chain of The Covid-19 Pandemic and The Threat of Stunting: A Literature Review},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Contemporary Risk Studies, ICONIC-RS 2022, 31 March-1 April 2022, South Jakarta, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICONIC-RS},
        year={2022},
        month={8},
        keywords={stunting issue management risk communication health communication covid-19},
        doi={10.4108/eai.31-3-2022.2320661}
    }
    
  • Vivi Varlina
    Stefani Ira Pratiwi
    Year: 2022
    The Causal Chain of The Covid-19 Pandemic and The Threat of Stunting: A Literature Review
    ICONIC-RS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.31-3-2022.2320661
Vivi Varlina1,*, Stefani Ira Pratiwi1
  • 1: Pertamina University, Jakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: vivi.varlina@universitaspertamina.ac.id

Abstract

The problem of stunting is a big challenge for Indonesia. Additionally, during the Covid-19 pandemic, restrictions on socio-cultural activities, a sharp decline in household income, and changes in consumption levels caused the nutritional needs of children to be unfulfilled, resulting in disruption of growth and health conditions. This study uses issue management and risk communication on the context of health communication, and develops methodology of literature review with an explanatory qualitative approach to identified of issues taking into account balanced factual evidence, emphasizes involvement of communities, and collaborative decisions. The study aims to understand that the pandemic has a very significant impact on increasing of poverty rate and affect stunting alleviation in Indonesia. The result shows that the application of health communication must be integrated with other policy sectors because the problem of stunting in a pandemic is multidimensional. The Government must observe critically Poverty Gap Index and Poverty Severity Index in rural and urban areas, formulate a stunting alleviation health emergency response system that is integrated into access to health services, ownership of health insurance, and utilization of natural resources and human resources.