Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

Searching for Gender Equality Between Male and Female in Yogyakarta Kingdom in The Perspective of Islam

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316388,
        author={Retno  Setyowati},
        title={Searching for Gender Equality Between Male and Female in Yogyakarta Kingdom in The Perspective of Islam},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICGCS},
        year={2022},
        month={4},
        keywords={sabda raja gender equality islamic legacy},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316388}
    }
    
  • Retno Setyowati
    Year: 2022
    Searching for Gender Equality Between Male and Female in Yogyakarta Kingdom in The Perspective of Islam
    ICGCS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316388
Retno Setyowati1,*
  • 1: Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: rretnoo@yahoo.com

Abstract

Historically, the power of king of Yogyakarta kingdom is as the continuation of power of Islam Mataram dynasty. Regulation allows only men who can become sultan or king. The aim of the study was to analyze how the king Sultan Hamengku Buwono X transformed old tradition privileging male leadership( Islamic legacy). This case study took place in the Yogyakarta kingdom using structuration theory of Anthony Giddens and conflict theory of Dahrendorf. The sultan had the privilege to change the norms. Structure of significance was found in the king’s dominant power, in which the Sultan owned the resources of culture, economy (lands, buildings, sugar plants, corporations), and 4,487 people as devoted servants of the kingdom. Another king’s power in his practical politics was that he was capable of creating new structure to reconstruct the government of Yogyakarta special region in line with the power he had as a Governor. The sultan transformed Paugeran Lanang through his privilege as a king by declare a statement called Sabda Raja which inherently was as a law. The king stated that female can be a ruler called as Sultanah. The latest Sabda Raja in Yogyakarta kingdom I call Paugeran Wadon.