Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

Women and Children Workers Involved in The Rubber and Palm Oil Plantations: Motivations and Impact on Family Income in Jambi Province

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316303,
        author={Heriberta  Heriberta and Sri  Wachyunni and Guspianto  Guspianto},
        title={Women and Children Workers Involved in The  Rubber and  Palm Oil Plantations:  Motivations and Impact  on Family Income in Jambi Province},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICGCS},
        year={2022},
        month={4},
        keywords={family income rubber and palm oil plantation women and children’s workers},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316303}
    }
    
  • Heriberta Heriberta
    Sri Wachyunni
    Guspianto Guspianto
    Year: 2022
    Women and Children Workers Involved in The Rubber and Palm Oil Plantations: Motivations and Impact on Family Income in Jambi Province
    ICGCS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316303
Heriberta Heriberta1,*, Sri Wachyunni1, Guspianto Guspianto1
  • 1: Universitas Jambi, Jl. Raya Jambi-Ma. Bulian Km. 5 Mendalo Indah, Jambi, Indonesia
*Contact email: eheriberta@yahoo.com

Abstract

This paper reports on the authors’ ongoing research with women and children’s workers in the plantations. It is to study their motivation of the involvement in the rubber and palm oil plantation and its impact on family income. To meet these objectives the qualitative method was used comprising: observation, secondary data review, and interviews by employing open-ended questions, which used to generate a greater perspective on the experiences of women workers and children as laborers in rubber and palm oil plantations. The results of the study indicate that women participate in the rubber plantation is to support family income in fulfilling family’s daily needs. On the other hand, women's income from palm oil plantations is an additional income for saving or investment, because household expenses have already covered by the husband's income. For children's motivation to work in the rubber plantation is to help their parents to meet the daily needs and to support their education. There are no children workers found in palm oil plantations.