Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

Module Development of Psychosocial Stimulation Manjujai for Parenting of Stunting Children in West Sumatra

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316302,
        author={Helmizar  Helmizar and Ramadhani  Gafar and Sawirman  Sawirman and Hafifatul Auliya Rahmy},
        title={Module Development of Psychosocial Stimulation Manjujai for Parenting of Stunting Children in West Sumatra},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICGCS},
        year={2022},
        month={4},
        keywords={manjujai module parenting stunting minangkabau},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316302}
    }
    
  • Helmizar Helmizar
    Ramadhani Gafar
    Sawirman Sawirman
    Hafifatul Auliya Rahmy
    Year: 2022
    Module Development of Psychosocial Stimulation Manjujai for Parenting of Stunting Children in West Sumatra
    ICGCS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316302
Helmizar Helmizar1,*, Ramadhani Gafar2, Sawirman Sawirman2, Hafifatul Auliya Rahmy3
  • 1: Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Andalas, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 2: Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Andalas, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 3: Faculty Science and Technology, UIN Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia
*Contact email: eelbiomed@gmail.com

Abstract

The first two years of human life is sensitive to have adequate nutrition. Naturally, nutrition itself cannot function optimally for physical growth and brain development without stimulation. In this study, nutrition is strongly related to psychosocial stimulation. This research aims to develop a module of psychosocial stimulation entitled Manjujai which is based on the local culture of Minangkabau. Method: The research method used was product-oriented Research and Development (R&D) by Rowntree (1994). The way how to do Manjujai includes; 1) showing the parents/caregivers the way to introduce vocabularies in the form of speaking pleasantly, communicatively, persuasively, while always appreciating them; 2) to show the parents/caregivers how to select pictures of the children’s interest; 3) to motivate the children to sing Minangkabau songs together or personally in which the words or phrases reflecting religious and moral teaching; 4) to read poems or story-telling which reflect religious and moral teaching to the children. Conclusion: All the activities in this module increase the physical growth and brain development of stunting children under five years old. This study attempts to reconsider the culture of Minangkabau in the form of Manjujai for the parenting process as the baseline of early education in Minangkabau society