Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

More Than Victims: The Role of Women in Conflict Zones

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316294,
        author={Anita Afriani Sinulingga},
        title={More Than Victims: The Role of Women in Conflict Zones},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICGCS},
        year={2022},
        month={4},
        keywords={the role of women conflict zones conflict resolution agents of peace},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316294}
    }
    
  • Anita Afriani Sinulingga
    Year: 2022
    More Than Victims: The Role of Women in Conflict Zones
    ICGCS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316294
Anita Afriani Sinulingga1,*
  • 1: Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Andalas, Padang, Indonesia
*Contact email: anitaafriani@soc.unand.ac.id

Abstract

Although women and children are not directly involved in the armed conflict, many victims have been found in this group. In conflict, the role of women is underutilized and even underestimated in conflict prevention, maintenance, and peacebuilding. When the conflict occurs, women play an essential role in conflict management, both as mediators, mediators, and peacemakers, to become the last bastion of conflict victims seeking safety and protection. This paper aims to describe the role of women in conflict areas in carrying out the conflict resolution process. The peacekeeping stage mark by the process of stopping or reducing acts of violence. The role of women's groups in Liberia to end the civil war and overthrow the Liberian dictator from the presidency marks women participation in the peacekeeping. Meanwhile, peacemaking aims to bring together or reconcile the political attitudes and strategies of the conflicting parties through mediation, negotiation, or arbitration from the elite or leader level. This role was exemplified by women's groups in Aceh and Ambon through intentional and unintentional conflict reconciliation. The last stage, namely peacebuilding, is marked by various efforts to create lasting peace. This stage marked by the contribution of Rwandan women in the rehabilitation and reconstruction process after the 1994 genocide.