Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

Minang Women in The Patriarchy Cultural Maelstrom: Viewed from The View of Religion and Culture

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316280,
        author={Tengku Rika Valentina and Cici  Safitri},
        title={Minang Women in The Patriarchy Cultural Maelstrom: Viewed from The View of Religion and Culture},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICGCS},
        year={2022},
        month={4},
        keywords={culture; matrilineal system; minangkabau women; religion},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316280}
    }
    
  • Tengku Rika Valentina
    Cici Safitri
    Year: 2022
    Minang Women in The Patriarchy Cultural Maelstrom: Viewed from The View of Religion and Culture
    ICGCS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316280
Tengku Rika Valentina1,*, Cici Safitri1
  • 1: Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Andalas
*Contact email: tengkurika@soc.unand.ac.id

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the position of women in Minangkabau when viewed from a patriarchal culture in terms of religious and cultural perspectives—using the theory of nature and nurture by using the perspective of religion, culture, and family. The method used in this study is a qualitative method with a descriptive approach. At the same time, the object of this research is Minangkabau ethnic women who are active in organizational activities both in the realm of government or in non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Their success in holding heirlooms is only a symbol, the management of property by Bundo Kanduang is only possessing, not controlling, so the expression "women reign but not rule" applies. The degradation is caused by the current globalization, capitalism, which makes minang women's position beyond the limits of ability. Judging from the contact of customs and religion, the position of minang women benefits because by custom, they are the owners of high heirlooms, and the man is the head of the family. He is obliged to provide for his wife. This, the position of women in Minangkabau in patriarchal culture is seen in the context of culture and religion by nature cannot be equated because it cannot be separated from the teachings of "adat basandi syarak and syarak basandi Kitabullah”.