Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

Bacha Posh: A Cultural Practice in Afghanistan as Seen in Nadia Hashimi's The Pearl That Broke Its Shell: Resilience against Patriarchy

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316269,
        author={Seswita  Seswita},
        title={Bacha Posh: A Cultural Practice in Afghanistan as Seen in Nadia Hashimi's The Pearl That Broke Its Shell: Resilience against Patriarchy},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICGCS},
        year={2022},
        month={4},
        keywords={afghanistan bacha posh cultural phenomena feminist-psychology gender patriarchy},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316269}
    }
    
  • Seswita Seswita
    Year: 2022
    Bacha Posh: A Cultural Practice in Afghanistan as Seen in Nadia Hashimi's The Pearl That Broke Its Shell: Resilience against Patriarchy
    ICGCS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316269
Seswita Seswita1,*
  • 1: Universitas Andalas, Padang, Indonesia
*Contact email: seswita.sasingunand@gmail.com

Abstract

Bacha Posh is a cultural phenomenon where a young girl is dressed and raised as a boy until she reaches a marriageable age or puberty by a family with no sons for the sake of a better future. This term considers to be one of the cultural practices in Afghanistan, which famously known as a Patriarchal country. Nadia Hashimi's The Pearl That Broke Its Shell presents two female characters that follow this tradition to survive and get a proper life in the family. This research depicts how the practice (Bacha Posh) is claimed to save a daughter in a family from the perspective of Patriarchy and its impact on the psychological side. This phenomenon happens in Afghanistan in which girls are dressed and raised as boys in order to get a better life. This research concludes that Bacha Posh in this novel gives better opportunities for the female characters' lives socially and psychologically by leading them into modern and intelligent women in their era. By following this cultural tradition, Rahima can pursue her dreams to be a politician. She managed to be chosen as a member of parliament due to her experience at school during childhood. This article also depicts the ideology behind the Bacha Posh by showing its positive impact, which gives the girls the opportunity to support the family income by having a job, having a long-term chance at school, and pursuing their dreams for a better life.