Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

Gender and Conflicts: Patterns and Causes of Masculinization of Land Conflicts in Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316259,
        author={Afrizal Afrizal and Siska Adhariani and Ovy Riana Irawan},
        title={Gender and Conflicts: Patterns and Causes of Masculinization of Land Conflicts in Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Gender, Culture and Society, ICGCS 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICGCS},
        year={2022},
        month={4},
        keywords={conflict gender land-use change oil palm expansion indonesia},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316259}
    }
    
  • Afrizal Afrizal
    Siska Adhariani
    Ovy Riana Irawan
    Year: 2022
    Gender and Conflicts: Patterns and Causes of Masculinization of Land Conflicts in Indonesia
    ICGCS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2316259
Afrizal Afrizal1,*, Siska Adhariani2, Ovy Riana Irawan2
  • 1: Department of Sociology Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Andalas
  • 2: Master student at the Sociology Masters Study Program Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Andalas
*Contact email: afrizal@soc.unand.ac.id

Abstract

The conflict associated with land use change led by oil palm expansion has been published intensively, but analysis of the conflict from a gender perspective is still lacking, so it does not have a balanced view of the involvement of women and men. By paying attention to gender issues, this paper is an attempt to fixes this knowledge gap. Based on the use of gender-sensitive conflict analysis and mixed method, the results of the analysis of 150 conflicts that occurred between 2010-2019 over land conversion for oil palm plantations in four provinces (Central Kalimantan, West Kalimantan, Riau, and West Sumatra) will be presented and explained. This paper would suggest that while households and community members risk losing access to land within village areas, women are much less involved than men in struggling for land defense and conflict resolution processes. Consequently, when land struggles are successful, men benefited. Our explanation is the dominance of male involvement in land use change conflicts because of male- oriented of customary land tenure.