Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Industrial and Technology and Information Design, ICITID 2021, 30 August 2021, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Drone Tracking System Using GPS and Barometer Sensor

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2311519,
        author={Wahyudi  Wahyudi and Bagus Bernadi Saputra and Wahyul Amien Syafei},
        title={Drone Tracking System Using GPS and Barometer Sensor},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Industrial and Technology and Information Design, ICITID 2021, 30 August 2021, Yogyakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICITID},
        year={2021},
        month={10},
        keywords={drone tracking gps baromater sensor},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2311519}
    }
    
  • Wahyudi Wahyudi
    Bagus Bernadi Saputra
    Wahyul Amien Syafei
    Year: 2021
    Drone Tracking System Using GPS and Barometer Sensor
    ICITID
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-8-2021.2311519
Wahyudi Wahyudi1,*, Bagus Bernadi Saputra1, Wahyul Amien Syafei1
  • 1: Electrical Engineering Department, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
*Contact email: wahyuditinom@elektro.undip.ac.id

Abstract

In general, base station or Ground Control Station (GCS) use directional antenna to comunicate with the moving object such as drone or Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). Directional antenna has a long transmission range but narrow transmission angle. In order to overcome this shortcoming, a device that can move the antenna towards a moving object is needed. This paper designs a device which can controls the movement of antenna to follow an object (drone). This tracker moves on the yaw and pitch axis by using servo motor. This device is using Proportional, Integral, dan Derivative (PID) control method to track moving object base on Global Positioning System (GPS) and barometer sensor. From the PID parameter that used at pitch angle (Kp=0.05, Ti=100, and Td=0.35), the plant can reach the setpoint (37o) within 1.3 sec. From the PID parameter that used at yaw angle (Kp=3.5, Ki=0, and Td=0.08), the plant can reach the setpoint (90o) within 0.7 sec. Based on the test result, tracker can move to follow drone with the average time 0.5 sec on the yaw plant and 0.4 sec on the pitch plant. The Mean Absolute Error (MAE) at yaw plant is 6.67o and the MAE at pitch plant is 1.54o.