First International Conference on Humanities, Education, Language and Culture, ICHELAC 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Flores, Indonesia

Research Article

The Change of Manggaraian Clothing: A Historical and Semiotic Study

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-7-2021.2313605,
        author={Ans Prawati Yuliantari and Yuliana Moon and Priska Filomena Iku},
        title={The Change of Manggaraian Clothing: A Historical and Semiotic Study},
        proceedings={First International Conference on Humanities, Education, Language and Culture, ICHELAC 2021, 30-31 August 2021, Flores, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICHELAC},
        year={2021},
        month={11},
        keywords={culture clothes semiotics culture manggarai},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-7-2021.2313605}
    }
    
  • Ans Prawati Yuliantari
    Yuliana Moon
    Priska Filomena Iku
    Year: 2021
    The Change of Manggaraian Clothing: A Historical and Semiotic Study
    ICHELAC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-7-2021.2313605
Ans Prawati Yuliantari1,*, Yuliana Moon1, Priska Filomena Iku1
  • 1: Universitas Katolik Indonesia Santu Paulus Ruteng
*Contact email: tia.yuliantari@gmail.com

Abstract

One element of culture which owned by society as identity is traditional clothes. It has significant philosophical values. The phenomenon, then, raises questions to be investigated: how are the transformation forms of Manggaraian traditional clothing? Why there has been a change in Manggaraian traditional clothes? To answer those questions, a semiotic approach proposed by Saussure and then developed by Barthes has been used by the researchers. This research is a library research which is categorized as qualitative research. The method used in this research was thick description proposed by Pontoretto. Data collection were done by observation, literature study, and interviews. The result of the study shows that Manggaraian traditional costumes has been changing throughout decades. The biggest impact comes from South Sulawesi because Manggarai was under control of Gowa Kingdom until the Dutch dominated Flores island. Nevertheless, there is an adjustment with the surrounding condition namely the use of local motifs as the manifestation of Manggaraian natural condition.