Proceedings of the 2nd International Seminar on Translation Studies, Applied Linguistics, Literature and Cultural Studies, STRUKTURAL 2020, 30 December 2020, Semarang, Indonesia

Research Article

The Poverty Eradication Reflected in Ernest Miller Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-12-2020.2311280,
        author={Irmawati  Irmawati and Burhanuddin  Arafah and Herawaty  Abbas and Haidir  Ali},
        title={The Poverty Eradication Reflected in Ernest Miller Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Seminar on Translation Studies, Applied Linguistics, Literature and Cultural Studies, STRUKTURAL 2020, 30 December 2020, Semarang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={STRUKTURAL},
        year={2021},
        month={9},
        keywords={eradicating poverty expressive approach author reflected},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-12-2020.2311280}
    }
    
  • Irmawati Irmawati
    Burhanuddin Arafah
    Herawaty Abbas
    Haidir Ali
    Year: 2021
    The Poverty Eradication Reflected in Ernest Miller Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms
    STRUKTURAL
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-12-2020.2311280
Irmawati Irmawati1,*, Burhanuddin Arafah1, Herawaty Abbas1, Haidir Ali2
  • 1: Universitas Hasanuddin
  • 2: PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara
*Contact email: irmawati17f@student.unhas.ac.id

Abstract

The problem of poverty is one of the big problems in the world. It was reflected in literary works, as a result of cultural products. It is a mistake if see literary works are only a result of the imagination. This research used the descriptive qualitative method to analyze a text in the novel. Then, the researchers analyzed the novel to find out the ideas, thought and solutions from Hemingway as the author of A Farewell to Arms, and also using an additional theory to understand the concepts of poverty. This novel reflected three factors causing poverty. First is the unstable socio-political condition. Second, the in-action of some characters to meet their basic needs cause by depression. Third, the characters lack education that make them do not have the qualified ability to get jobs or set up independent production businesses. It was also revealed that there were four solutions in eradicating poverty by Hemingway reflected in this novel. The first was increasing non-agricultural production consisting of; opening a home stay business in rural areas, making villas in mountainous areas and building hotel business for people who had many capitals in urban areas. The other non-agricultural productions were to become a sculpture carver, and to open a clinic for expert doctors. The second is an increase agricultural business with quality methods. The third way is through education to improve skills in various fields of production. The last was helping basic needs to the poor.