Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social Science, Humanities, Education and Society Development, ICONS 2020, 30 November, Tegal, Indonesia

Research Article

The Effect Dzikr in the Development of Students Spiritual Intelligence in Suryalaya Islmaic Boarding School, Tasikmalaya

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.30-11-2020.2303728,
        author={Basukiyatno  Basukiyatno},
        title={The Effect Dzikr in the Development of Students Spiritual Intelligence in Suryalaya Islmaic Boarding School, Tasikmalaya},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social Science, Humanities, Education and Society Development, ICONS 2020, 30 November, Tegal, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICONS},
        year={2021},
        month={1},
        keywords={spiritual intelligence dzikr},
        doi={10.4108/eai.30-11-2020.2303728}
    }
    
  • Basukiyatno Basukiyatno
    Year: 2021
    The Effect Dzikr in the Development of Students Spiritual Intelligence in Suryalaya Islmaic Boarding School, Tasikmalaya
    ICONS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.30-11-2020.2303728
Basukiyatno Basukiyatno1,*
  • 1: Universitas Pancasakti Tegal, Indonesia
*Contact email: basukiyatno@upstegal.ac.id

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of zikir in the development of the spiritual intelligence of students in Islamic boarding school Suryalaya Tasikmalaya. Zikir is a heart and oral worship that knows no time limit. Even Allah defends ulil albab, are those who always chant his Rab, whether standing, sitting or even lying down. With the qualitative approach of phenomenological participants, the researcher found and concluded that the zikir service at the Suryalaya Islamic Boarding School had an effect on the development of the spiritual intelligence of the students. This is through the practice of Thoriqoh Qodiriyan Naksyabandiyah (TQN) which consists of zikir jaher and zikir khofi. Jaher zikir is zikir that is pronounced loudly, and zikir khofi is instilled in the heart. While the khofi zikir is carried out by the students all the time. The implementation of zikir is preceded by talqin by the murshid teacher, which is to instill the sentence of tauhid in the hearts of the students. Amaliah TQN aims to form virtuous students (al-akhlaq al-karimah) so that a complete human being is born, a human who has layers of fitriyah consciousness and indriyah consciousness. So intelligence develops from the manual-technique level in the simplest empirical world (intellectual intelligence) to the deepest tauhid level in the qoib world of fitriyah in the form of spiritual intelligence.