Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Education, Humanities, Health and Agriculture, ICEHHA 2021, 3-4 June 2021, Ruteng, Flores, Indonesia

Research Article

Gender Bias in Manggarai Languages East Nusa Tenggara: A Sociolinguistic Study

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.3-6-2021.2310744,
        author={Yuliana Jetia Moon},
        title={Gender Bias in Manggarai Languages East Nusa Tenggara: A Sociolinguistic Study  },
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Education, Humanities, Health and Agriculture, ICEHHA 2021, 3-4 June 2021, Ruteng, Flores, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICEHHA},
        year={2021},
        month={8},
        keywords={gender; bias; language; manggarai},
        doi={10.4108/eai.3-6-2021.2310744}
    }
    
  • Yuliana Jetia Moon
    Year: 2021
    Gender Bias in Manggarai Languages East Nusa Tenggara: A Sociolinguistic Study
    ICEHHA
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.3-6-2021.2310744
Yuliana Jetia Moon1,*
  • 1: Unika Santu Paulus Ruteng, Indonesia
*Contact email: yulianajetiamoon@gmail.com

Abstract

Language is a cultural product. People have created language to describe the existence and position of a person within society, including to a woman. Within a patriarchal community where a man's position is higher than a woman's, people tend to have gender-biased language. This study analyzed the aspects of gender-biased within the Manggarai language. The language belongs to the people of Manggarai at East Nusa Tenggara, Eastern Indonesia. The community is a patriarchal one. This study explored the symptoms of language diversity used for women who are gender-biased. This research employed a qualitative descriptive study with an ethnographic as its primary method. It used observation and interviews as data collection methods. This study found that there has been various gender-biased languages using to position a woman lower and more marginalized than a man. People might use and find those languages in daily communication, in satire language, terms, in figurative language in the form of go'ét-go'et, or even within the ritual-religious form. The biased-gender language has become one of reasons of gender inequality in the community.