sas 16(6): e4

Research Article

Automatic Regulator for Supplemental Oxygen Therapy

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.3-12-2015.2262526,
        author={Vian Abraham and Yasameen Al Mharib and Brian Donnel and Xiaobin Le and Joseph Santacroce and Douglas Dow},
        title={Automatic Regulator for Supplemental Oxygen Therapy},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Self-Adaptive Systems},
        volume={2},
        number={6},
        publisher={ACM},
        journal_a={SAS},
        year={2016},
        month={5},
        keywords={physionet, ti msp 430, oxygen therapy, blood oxygen saturation, pneumatic regulation, lungs disease, labview},
        doi={10.4108/eai.3-12-2015.2262526}
    }
    
  • Vian Abraham
    Yasameen Al Mharib
    Brian Donnel
    Xiaobin Le
    Joseph Santacroce
    Douglas Dow
    Year: 2016
    Automatic Regulator for Supplemental Oxygen Therapy
    SAS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.3-12-2015.2262526
Vian Abraham1, Yasameen Al Mharib1, Brian Donnel1, Xiaobin Le1, Joseph Santacroce1, Douglas Dow1,*
  • 1: Wentworth Institute of Technology
*Contact email: dowd@wit.edu

Abstract

Living tissues require a sufficient supply of oxygen for survival. An insufficient supply of oxygen may result from impairments of the respiration or oxygen transport systems, such as lung disease, heart disease, and anemia. Supplemental oxygen therapy increases the oxygen content in the lungs and blood oxygen saturation. The control of the oxygen flow is typically adjusted manually. This manual adjustment increases the risk for a mismatch between the oxygen flow rate and oxygen consumption that may change with physiological activity. An insufficient supply of oxygen increases the risk for cell damage and hypoxia. An excessive supply of oxygen risks oxygen toxicity and rapid depletion of the oxygen supply. This paper develops and tests the regulation of gas flow intake based on input of patient oxygen blood saturation. During testing of the prototype, gas pressure was regulated based on input oxygen blood saturation values, indicating control of gas flow. Further development and testing would be required for closed loop control of the system. Such a system would contribute toward improving the match of oxygen flow to physiological demands, and contribute to improving the health of many patients.