Proceeding of the First International Graduate Conference (IGC) On Innovation, Creativity, Digital, & Technopreneurship for Sustainable Development in Conjunction with The 6th Roundtable for Indonesian Entrepreneurship Educators 2018 Universitas Syiah Kuala October, 3-5, 2018 Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Research Article

Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus Hampei Ferr.) Attacks in Organic and Conventional Arabica Coffee Plantations

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.3-10-2018.2284373,
        author={Husni  Husni and Sapdi  Sapdi and Jauharlina  Jauharlina and Alfian  Rusdy and Elka  Mulyadi},
        title={Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus Hampei Ferr.) Attacks in Organic and Conventional Arabica Coffee Plantations},
        proceedings={Proceeding of the First International Graduate Conference (IGC) On Innovation, Creativity, Digital, \& Technopreneurship for Sustainable Development in Conjunction with The 6th Roundtable for Indonesian Entrepreneurship Educators 2018 Universitas Syiah Kuala October, 3-5, 2018 Banda Aceh, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={IGC},
        year={2019},
        month={5},
        keywords={arabica coffee organic and conventional coffee plantation hypothenemus hampei},
        doi={10.4108/eai.3-10-2018.2284373}
    }
    
  • Husni Husni
    Sapdi Sapdi
    Jauharlina Jauharlina
    Alfian Rusdy
    Elka Mulyadi
    Year: 2019
    Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus Hampei Ferr.) Attacks in Organic and Conventional Arabica Coffee Plantations
    IGC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.3-10-2018.2284373
Husni Husni1,*, Sapdi Sapdi1, Jauharlina Jauharlina1, Alfian Rusdy1, Elka Mulyadi1
  • 1: Plant Protection Department, Agriculture Faculty Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
*Contact email: proteksi.tanaman@unsyiah.ac.id

Abstract

We have conducted a series of studies on Arabica coffee plantations in Aceh Tengah Regency, Aceh Province, Indonesia to study the effect of organic and conventional coffee plantation systems on the level of attack by coffee berry borer (CBB), Hypothenemus hampei. The results showed that at each observation the level of CBB attacks on coffee plants cultivated organically was lower than those cultivated conventionally. The level of CBB attack on organic and conventional coffee plantations is between 7.9 - 12.1% and 13.2 - 22.2% respectively. From the results of this study, it is suspected that in coffee plantations that are cultured organically there are more diverse or more abundant organisms that act as natural enemies, so they can suppress CBB population development. Meanwhile, conventional coffee cultivation is suspected to have decreased the natural enemy population of CBB, because on these lands synthetic pesticides have been used continuously to control various disturbing organisms in coffee plants. The results of this study indicate that organic coffee farming systems have played an important role in maintaining the biodiversity of various organisms in coffee plantations, so that the population development of various coffee plant pests, i.e. CBB can be balanced by the development of their natural enemy population