ws 16(8): e3

Research Article

A Dual-channel Routing Protocol for Wireless Body Area Networks

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.28-9-2015.2261430,
        author={Sobia Omer and Rein Vesilo and Eryk Dutkiewicz and Qi Zhang},
        title={A Dual-channel Routing Protocol for Wireless Body Area Networks},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Wireless Spectrum},
        keywords={wireless body area network, routing, multi-channel, aodv castalia},
  • Sobia Omer
    Rein Vesilo
    Eryk Dutkiewicz
    Qi Zhang
    Year: 2015
    A Dual-channel Routing Protocol for Wireless Body Area Networks
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.28-9-2015.2261430
Sobia Omer1, Rein Vesilo1, Eryk Dutkiewicz1,*, Qi Zhang2
  • 1: Macquarie University
  • 2: Aarhus University
*Contact email:


Wireless Body Area networks (WBANs) interconnect miniaturized nodes with sensor or actuator capabilities in, on, or around a human body. WBANs can operate over a number of different frequency bands. Most WBANs utilize only one of these wireless bands for routing, network access, etc. Fading conditions can result in poor network performance in terms of node energy and throughput. With recent interest in multi-band devices for WBANs such as multi-band antennas and transceivers effective utilization of multiple bands requires an equally effective routing protocol. In this paper we develop a multi-channel extension to the Ad Hoc on Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocol for use in multi-channel WBANs that chooses the next hop channel that has the best Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) value. Our extensions to AODV were implemented by modifying the single-band Castalia model built on the OMNeT++ network simulator. We compared our dual channel AODV protocol with RSSI channel selection against a dual channel AODV with random channel selection and single channel AODV. Our simulation experiments showed that in terms of packet delivery dual channel AODV with RSSI performs equally with single channel AODV but with a lower overhead of AODV control packets, better routing stability and slightly better energy per bit efficiency.