Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Sports, Health, and Physical Education, ISMINA 2021, 28-29 April 2021, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

The Effectiveness of Ice Massage Therapy for Low Back Pain Patients

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.28-4-2021.2312238,
        author={Anugrahani Tiara Rizki and Naufal Yudi Pratama and Gustiana Mega Anggita},
        title={The Effectiveness of Ice Massage Therapy for Low Back Pain Patients},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Sports, Health, and Physical Education, ISMINA 2021, 28-29 April 2021, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ISMINA},
        year={2021},
        month={10},
        keywords={low back pain ice massage cold therapy},
        doi={10.4108/eai.28-4-2021.2312238}
    }
    
  • Anugrahani Tiara Rizki
    Naufal Yudi Pratama
    Gustiana Mega Anggita
    Year: 2021
    The Effectiveness of Ice Massage Therapy for Low Back Pain Patients
    ISMINA
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.28-4-2021.2312238
Anugrahani Tiara Rizki1, Naufal Yudi Pratama1, Gustiana Mega Anggita1,*
  • 1: Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
*Contact email: mega.anggita@mail.unnes.ac.id

Abstract

Low back pain was suffered by almost 90% of human during their lives, especially in people who have risk factors for low back pain. Low back pain is one of the musculoskeletal causes due to poor activity and the emergence of aches, rheumatic pain. One of the non-pharmacological therapies that can be used to reduce low back pain is cold therapy, namely cold therapy. Cold therapy (cold therapy) is a physiotherapy that is widely used in sports injuries. Physiological effects of cold therapy include vasoconstriction of arterioles and venules, decreased sensitivity of free nerve endings and decreased metabolic rate of cells, resulting in decreased demand for cell oxygen. This whole process can reduce the swelling process, reduce pain, reduce muscle spasm and the risk of cell death. Cold therapy that is widely used in the form of ice massages, ice packs, cold baths / water immersion and vapocoolant sprays. The use of cold therapy must be carried out with a proper procedure considering there are several therapeutic risks such as irritation, hypothermia, frost bite. This therapy is contraindicated in several clinical disorders, including Raynaud's syndrome, cyroglobunemia, paraxoxymal hemaglobinuria, vasculitis and sensory neurological disorders such as diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this article is to determine the effect of giving ice massage on changes in pain intensity in people with low back pain.