Proceedings of the 3rd Multidisciplinary International Conference, MIC 2023, 28 October 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

A Holistic Approach to the Occurrence of Switched Baby in Hospitals

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.28-10-2023.2341694,
        author={Riswadi  Riswadi and Aminuddin  Harahap},
        title={A Holistic Approach to the Occurrence of Switched Baby in Hospitals},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd Multidisciplinary International Conference, MIC 2023, 28 October 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={MIC},
        year={2023},
        month={12},
        keywords={switched baby misidentification hospital holistic approach},
        doi={10.4108/eai.28-10-2023.2341694}
    }
    
  • Riswadi Riswadi
    Aminuddin Harahap
    Year: 2023
    A Holistic Approach to the Occurrence of Switched Baby in Hospitals
    MIC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.28-10-2023.2341694
Riswadi Riswadi1, Aminuddin Harahap1,*
  • 1: Universitas Borobudur
*Contact email: aharahap71@yahoo.co.id

Abstract

The case of the switched baby is a very regrettable incident that has been discussed in medical studies. Babies who have been switched begin with a newborn misidentification at the hospital. All newborns in hospitals are at risk of being switched owing to misidentification. Determining the biological parents of a switched baby in a hospital is a complex legal issue that must be carefully considered. The purpose of this study is to discover methods to manage and prevent baby switching. This paper is a literature review regarding the problem of switched baby in hospitals relating to parental/family aspects, newborn misidentification in hospitals, DNA examination to determine biological parents, and legal issues. The hospital can usually resolve most switched babies internally within a few days of the switch. However, in some instances of baby switching, it goes unnoticed for a long time before the family members become suspicious and make an inquiry. Scientists can distinguish relationships with higher than 99 percent accuracy by obtaining DNA samples from hair, urine, blood, feces, or other body tissue. The hospital is legally liable for all losses incurred as a result of medical staff negligence. This is also stated in Article 190 of Health Law No. 36/2009. Families have the authority to hold the hospital responsible as a service provider for any damage done to the family. Prevention is the most effective strategy for dealing with switched baby.