Proceedings of the 3rd Multidisciplinary International Conference, MIC 2023, 28 October 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Law Enforcement of Online Gender-Based Violence in Indonesia: A Review of Victims Protection

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.28-10-2023.2341668,
        author={Achmad  Rifai},
        title={Law Enforcement of Online Gender-Based Violence in Indonesia: A Review of Victims Protection},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd Multidisciplinary International Conference, MIC 2023, 28 October 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={MIC},
        year={2023},
        month={12},
        keywords={cyber gender law enforcement victims},
        doi={10.4108/eai.28-10-2023.2341668}
    }
    
  • Achmad Rifai
    Year: 2023
    Law Enforcement of Online Gender-Based Violence in Indonesia: A Review of Victims Protection
    MIC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.28-10-2023.2341668
Achmad Rifai1,*
  • 1: Universitas Lampung
*Contact email: achmadrifai070768@gmail.com

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the countries with the largest internet users in the world. One of the risks of using the internet is the occurrence of Online Gender-Based Violence (OGBV). The resolution of OGBV cases so far in Indonesia is based on the Information and Electronic Transactions Law and the Pornography Law. Legal problems arise because these regulations do not have a gender perspective, and focus on the perpetrators while the victims tend to be neglected. From this background, the problem formulation in this research is: What is the legal enforcement of OGBV in Indonesia? And how is victim protection of OGBV in Indonesia? This research is normative legal research that uses a statutory approach. This research result showed that legal protection for OGBV victims in Indonesian law, as regulated in: the Criminal Code, the Pornography Law, the ITE Law, and the UUTPKS. Of the four regulations, the UUTPKS more specifically regulates OGBV. Apart from that, victim protection in Indonesia is specifically regulated in Law Number 31 of 2014 concerning Witness and Victim Protection or UUPSK. Then in real terms, to protect OGBV victims, the Central Government through the Ministry of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection (KemenPPPA) formed a Regional Technical Implementation Unit for the Protection of Women and Children (UPTD PPA) and provided the "SAPA 129" service which received complaints from various regions.