Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Islamic Civilization, ICIC 2020, 27th August 2020, Semarang, Indonesia

Research Article

Study on Block-Chain Implementation in Zakat Management (Case Study in Indonesia)

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.27-8-2020.2303244,
        author={Bedjo  Santoso and Farikha  Amilahaq and Suraya  Ahmad and Noor Emilina Mohd Nasir},
        title={Study on Block-Chain Implementation in Zakat Management (Case Study in Indonesia)},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Islamic Civilization, ICIC 2020, 27th August 2020, Semarang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIC},
        year={2020},
        month={12},
        keywords={zakat management ict block-chain zakat institution},
        doi={10.4108/eai.27-8-2020.2303244}
    }
    
  • Bedjo Santoso
    Farikha Amilahaq
    Suraya Ahmad
    Noor Emilina Mohd Nasir
    Year: 2020
    Study on Block-Chain Implementation in Zakat Management (Case Study in Indonesia)
    ICIC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.27-8-2020.2303244
Bedjo Santoso1,*, Farikha Amilahaq1, Suraya Ahmad2, Noor Emilina Mohd Nasir2
  • 1: Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang, Indonesia
  • 2: Universiti Technology of Mara, Dungun, Malaysia
*Contact email: bedjo.s@unissula.ac.id

Abstract

Studies on the role of ICT in Zakat management have been carried out with the conclusion that the use of ICT can increase efficiency, convenience, and practicality in paying Zakat. However, the problems faced by Zakat institutions are: Trust, Credibility, Accountability, and Transparency. To deal with these issues is by using Block-chain technology. Thus, it is necessary to conduct a study in more detail of block-chain implementation in Zakat management. This research is a descriptive research involving 200 respondents as the sample throughout Indonesia. The sample includes Academicians, Islamic Finance Activists, Zakat Payer, and Scholars. The Sampling method used is area, stratified, purposive sampling. The result shows that the use of ICT can increase people awareness to pay Zakat. Secondly, the use of block-chain technology will increase the credibility value of institutions. Last but not least, the transparency will encourage people’s belief and trust to the Zakat institution. Therefore, to design appropriate model Block-Chain is needed to facilitate good relationship among Zakat stakeholders. In term of TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) the use of Block-Chain in Zakat management will facilitate in three ways, namely; Perceived of Usefulness Perception, Increasing Performance and Perceived on Easiness of Use. The result also revealed that credibility is the most significant factor, and then followed by accountability, transparency, and trust.