Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Indonesian Legal Studies, ICILS 2022, 27-28 July 2022, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Legal Recognition of Coastal Communities in Marine Protected Areas: An Imperative for Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.27-7-2022.2342421,
        author={Muhammad Insan Tarigan and Tjondro  Tirtamulia},
        title={Legal Recognition of Coastal Communities in Marine Protected Areas: An Imperative for Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Indonesian Legal Studies, ICILS 2022, 27-28 July 2022, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICILS},
        year={2023},
        month={12},
        keywords={mpas community participation},
        doi={10.4108/eai.27-7-2022.2342421}
    }
    
  • Muhammad Insan Tarigan
    Tjondro Tirtamulia
    Year: 2023
    Legal Recognition of Coastal Communities in Marine Protected Areas: An Imperative for Indonesia
    ICILS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.27-7-2022.2342421
Muhammad Insan Tarigan1,*, Tjondro Tirtamulia1
  • 1: Faculty of Law, University of Surabaya, Indonesia
*Contact email: insan.tarigan@staff.ubaya.ac.id

Abstract

Marine Protect Areas (MPA) is one of the practical tools to conserve and protect the marine environment, which has been promoted globally. Besides being able to conserve biodiversity, MPAs can also protect a few human values related to the ocean. Ecologically, MPAS has been proven to be effective in protecting or stopping habitat and ecosystem degradation and improving marine resources and biodiversity. However, not all MPAs implementations are managed effectively due to weak governance and law enforcement. Accordingly, maintaining the excellent quality of the sea environment could not just depend on the MPAs. Furthermore, each marine environment has its uniqueness; thus, the management and protection system could not be executed by one template. Hence, it is essential to explore the potential of coastal communities' laws, customs, and values in maintaining marine diversity in Indonesia. Therefore, this research will conduct qualitative legal research through a literature study. This study concludes that Indonesian law recognizes the essential participation of coastal communities in managing MPAs.