Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Politeness Strategies in Asking Request among Javanese Youth in Tulungagung

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286918,
        author={Sukarsono  Sukarsono and Mohamad  Jazeri and Kojin  Kojin},
        title={Politeness Strategies in Asking Request among Javanese Youth in Tulungagung},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SEWORD FRESSH},
        year={2019},
        month={9},
        keywords={politeness request indirectness directive},
        doi={10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286918}
    }
    
  • Sukarsono Sukarsono
    Mohamad Jazeri
    Kojin Kojin
    Year: 2019
    Politeness Strategies in Asking Request among Javanese Youth in Tulungagung
    SEWORD FRESSH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286918
Sukarsono Sukarsono1,*, Mohamad Jazeri1, Kojin Kojin1
  • 1: IAIN Tulungagung, East Java, Indonesia
*Contact email: sukarsono71@gmail.com

Abstract

The willingness to respect and appreciate to other is the basic of mutual interaction. This study aims at describing the politeness behaviour of youth in Tulungagung, one of the regencies of East Java in Indonesia. This study is qualitatively approached, in particular utilzing pragmatics framework. The data in the forms of utterances containing directive acts made by Tulungagung youths. They were collected through observation technique. The obtained data were analyzed based on pragmatics framework, particularly the theori of politeness modeled by Brown-Levinson. Based on data analysis, the study reveals the findings as follow; (1) the request demonstrated by Tulungagung youths generally conveyed by imperative and interogative sentences, implying the levels of indirectness; (2) they employ some mitigating devices in the forms of particle, word, phrase, or clause to sahow their polite behaviour; (3) the politeness strategies employed are (a) bald on record; (b) request by bald on record; (c) positive politeness, covering in-group identity markes; and (d) negative politeness, including conventionally indirect, hedging, being pesimistic, deference, and apologizing. Form the perspective of Brown and Levinson’s politeness theory, it is inferred that the requestive behaviour of the youth of Tulungagung still shows relatively polite manners.