Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Ancient Furnitures of Mangkunegaran Palace Surakarta (A Study on Style, Aesthetics, and Preservation of Javanese Culture)

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286898,
        author={Rahmanu  Widayat and Sayid  Mataram},
        title={Ancient Furnitures of Mangkunegaran Palace Surakarta (A Study on Style, Aesthetics, and Preservation of Javanese Culture)},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SEWORD FRESSH},
        year={2019},
        month={9},
        keywords={furniture ancient style aesthetics preservation},
        doi={10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286898}
    }
    
  • Rahmanu Widayat
    Sayid Mataram
    Year: 2019
    Ancient Furnitures of Mangkunegaran Palace Surakarta (A Study on Style, Aesthetics, and Preservation of Javanese Culture)
    SEWORD FRESSH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286898
Rahmanu Widayat1,*, Sayid Mataram1
  • 1: Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: rahmanuwidayat@staff.uns.ac.id

Abstract

Ancient furniture in the form of tables, chairs and cupboards that are more than 50 years old are well preserved as heritages in the Kadipaten Mangkunegaran, a palace in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. These furniture, in the context of science, have not been studied in terms of their style, aesthetics and preservation. The method of this research is qualitative using paradigm interpretation. The findings show that ancient furniture that functioned as seats, tables, and storage are made of teak wood with European-style, namely the Renaissance and Rococo styles because they originated in Europe. This raised a question when associated with the preservation of Javanese culture. After understanding that Javanese culture was formed by the "combination" of various cultures such as native Javanese, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Colonial (European) cultures, it is comprehensible why these furniture are parts of the Javanese culture repertoire that come from Europe. These ancient furniture have become parts of the history of some Javanese people which greatly influenced the development of Javanese culture, especially in Mangkunegaran Palace.