Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Model of Problem Statement (MPS): A solution on Heuristic Problem in Teaching of History

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286874,
        author={Mohamad Zaenal Arifin Anis and Yetti  Supriyati and Gaguk  Margono},
        title={Model of Problem Statement (MPS): A solution on Heuristic Problem in Teaching of History},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SEWORD FRESSH},
        year={2019},
        month={9},
        keywords={problem statement heuristic and history education},
        doi={10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286874}
    }
    
  • Mohamad Zaenal Arifin Anis
    Yetti Supriyati
    Gaguk Margono
    Year: 2019
    Model of Problem Statement (MPS): A solution on Heuristic Problem in Teaching of History
    SEWORD FRESSH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286874
Mohamad Zaenal Arifin Anis1,*, Yetti Supriyati2, Gaguk Margono2
  • 1: Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin Indonesia
  • 2: Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: mzarifinanis@ulm.ac.id

Abstract

In the historical method, a heuristic is an approach to find, collect and organize resources to obtain relevant historical materials according to the topics discussed. This research is a development research that is meant to develop problem statement as a solution of the heuristic problem faced by the students of History Education Program of Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Lambung Mangkurat University on the Subject of History Method. The steps of this study refer to the development procedures adopted and adapted from those as suggested by [19]. The steps of the model adapted for this research are as follows: (1) need analysis and initial search of information, (2) competence analysis needed, (3) the development of assessment instruments, (4) the development of learning strategies, (5) need analysis on the learning model, (6) conduct of a formative evaluation. The test was attended by 57 students determined from the participants of the Historical Method Subject in Study Program of History Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Lambung Mangkurat University. The results showed that their heuristic ability increased after the pretest and posttest for three times. MPS makes the students more critical in searching historical sources (heuristic competence) and in interpreting the historical sources. As a result, MPS gives an influence towards the students’ learning achievement.