Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

At-Ta`Dîb as the Education Punishment: an Analysis of Reasons for Beating the Children in Islamic Law (A Case Study Junior High School in Indonesian)

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286857,
        author={Jarudin  Jarudin and Salma  Salma and Edwar  Kemal and Wahyudi  Rahmat and Radhya  Yusri},
        title={At-Ta`D\"{\i}b as the Education Punishment: an Analysis of Reasons for Beating the Children in Islamic Law (A Case Study Junior High School in Indonesian)},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={SEWORD FRESSH},
        year={2019},
        month={9},
        keywords={child punishment islam education beating (dharaba)},
        doi={10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286857}
    }
    
  • Jarudin Jarudin
    Salma Salma
    Edwar Kemal
    Wahyudi Rahmat
    Radhya Yusri
    Year: 2019
    At-Ta`Dîb as the Education Punishment: an Analysis of Reasons for Beating the Children in Islamic Law (A Case Study Junior High School in Indonesian)
    SEWORD FRESSH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286857
Jarudin Jarudin1,*, Salma Salma1, Edwar Kemal1, Wahyudi Rahmat1, Radhya Yusri1
  • 1: STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat 2Universitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang, Indonesia
*Contact email: jarudin@stkip-pgri-sumbar.ac.id

Abstract

This paper examines how Hadith of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W allow the right of parents to educate their children by beating (fadhribûhum) when they are reluctant to establish prayers. Therefore, education is often used as a justification to hit students whether parents to their children or teachers to their students. Researchers have attempted to interpret the fadhribûhum's pronunciations in many meanings such as light blows, harmless, blows / hearts and others in order to suggest if Islamic education does not tolerate beatings. Apart from the various understanding of the pronunciation of beating the child in the hadith, it is undeniable that the spell of hitting in education is indeed presented in the Qur'an and the traditions that Muslims believe as the source of the teachings. Although results of the study mentions that the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W never hit the child and his students but the appearance of the verse and the hadith is not without the purpose of goodness. The phenomenon of children's involvement in criminal acts such as theft, murder, drug abuse and even rape indicates that the hadiths that legalize beatings on the child are apparently necessary to educate (ta`dib) those who deserve such an education. This paper is explored by library research thorugh collecting literature materials related to the topic of study, separating, reading, analyzing and drawing a conclusion.