Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Environmental Risks and Public Health, ICER-PH 2018, 26-27, October 2018, Makassar, Indonesia

Research Article

Description of Aedes aegypti Larva Density Based on Mosquito Breeding Eradication Action in the Dengue Endemic Rappocini Sub-District Makassar

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.26-10-2018.2288868,
        author={Hasanuddin  Ishak and Novita  Toding and Muh Fajaruddin Natsir and Hasnawati  Amqam},
        title={Description of Aedes aegypti Larva Density Based on Mosquito Breeding Eradication Action in the Dengue Endemic Rappocini Sub-District Makassar},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Environmental Risks and Public Health, ICER-PH 2018, 26-27, October 2018, Makassar, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICER-PH},
        year={2019},
        month={11},
        keywords={attitude},
        doi={10.4108/eai.26-10-2018.2288868}
    }
    
  • Hasanuddin Ishak
    Novita Toding
    Muh Fajaruddin Natsir
    Hasnawati Amqam
    Year: 2019
    Description of Aedes aegypti Larva Density Based on Mosquito Breeding Eradication Action in the Dengue Endemic Rappocini Sub-District Makassar
    ICER-PH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.26-10-2018.2288868
Hasanuddin Ishak1,*, Novita Toding1, Muh Fajaruddin Natsir1, Hasnawati Amqam1
  • 1: Universitas Hasanuddin Kampus Tamalanrea, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM.10 Makassar
*Contact email: hasanuddin.ishak@unhas.ac.id

Abstract

Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a disease that can be transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person through a mosquito bite (vector) Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. Disease caused by the dengue virus is an infectious disease which causes disruption in capillary blood vessels and in the blood clotting system. DHF transmission can be prevented by breaking the chain of transmission by means of vector control through the activities of Mosquito Breeding Eradication (PSN). The aim of this study was to determine the density of Aedes aegypti larvae based on PSN actions in endemic areas in Makassar city. The research was an observational survey with a descriptive approach using questionnaires and through direct observation using observation sheets. The population was all houses in RW 05, RW 06 and RW 08 Gunung Sari village as DHF endemic areas. Determination of the sample was carried out by purposive random sampling method that obtained of 126 houses. The coordinate points of houses were poured on the map using Arc GIS 10.3. The results of this study indicate that the density of Aedes aegypti larvae in DHF endemic areas was low as measured using larva-free rate (ABJ) which was 37.3%, House Index (HI) 62,7%, and Container Index (CI) 32,4%. The PSN actions carried out in the majority DHF endemic areas was 65.9% which was categorized as good. The role of jumantik (Larva monitors) in controlling DHF in endemic areas of DHF has not been implemented optimally.