Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Environmental Risks and Public Health, ICER-PH 2018, 26-27, October 2018, Makassar, Indonesia

Research Article

Activities Testing of Mengkudu Folium Extract Powder (Morinda citrifolia) as Aedes aegypti larvicide 2018

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.26-10-2018.2288612,
        author={Tri Budi Julianti and Hansen  Hansen},
        title={Activities Testing of Mengkudu Folium Extract Powder (Morinda citrifolia) as Aedes aegypti larvicide 2018},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Environmental Risks and Public Health, ICER-PH 2018, 26-27, October 2018, Makassar, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICER-PH},
        year={2019},
        month={11},
        keywords={mengkudu folium (morinda citrifolia) extract larvicide aedes aegypti},
        doi={10.4108/eai.26-10-2018.2288612}
    }
    
  • Tri Budi Julianti
    Hansen Hansen
    Year: 2019
    Activities Testing of Mengkudu Folium Extract Powder (Morinda citrifolia) as Aedes aegypti larvicide 2018
    ICER-PH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.26-10-2018.2288612
Tri Budi Julianti1,*, Hansen Hansen2
  • 1: Pharmacy Study Program, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur
  • 2: Environmental Health Study Program, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur
*Contact email: tbj470@umkt.ac.id

Abstract

Dengue Fever is caused by one of four different dengue viruses. This disease is spread through mosquitos (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus) that are found in a tropical and subtropical area, especially on the islands of Indonesia. Mengkudu folium contains useful chemical substance, namely Morinda citrifolia, that functions as stomach poisoning to larva Aedes aegypti’s digestive system. Therefore the larva cannot live and eventually die. The purpose of this research was to investigate the chemical activity of mengkudu folium extract powder (Morinda citrifolia) as larvicide to Aedes aegypti. This research employed experimental design and was conducted at Chemistry Laboratory of both Akademi Farmasi Samarinda and Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur. The main substance tested in this research was mengkudu folium extract powder (Morinda citrifolia). The test was conducted with mengkudu folium extract powder with different concentrates: 1%, 3%, and 5%. Water and Abate powder were used as a negative control. Observation periods were 15 minutes, 1 hour, 2 hours, 9 hours, and 24 hours. The results showed that mengkudu folium extract powder could be the best larvicide at 5% concentrate towards 55% of Aedes aegypti’s larva death within 24 hours with LC50 is 40,27 µg/ml.