Proceedings of the First International Seminar Social Science, Humanities and Education, ISSHE 2020, 25 November 2020, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

Research Article

The Extrinsic Elements of Harper Lee’s to Kill a Mockingbird

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.25-11-2020.2306681,
        author={I Nyoman  Djuana and I Gede Angga Kusuma Jaya},
        title={The Extrinsic Elements of Harper Lee’s to Kill a Mockingbird},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Seminar Social Science, Humanities and Education, ISSHE 2020, 25 November 2020, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ISSHE},
        year={2021},
        month={4},
        keywords={literature; extrinsic elements; novel},
        doi={10.4108/eai.25-11-2020.2306681}
    }
    
  • I Nyoman Djuana
    I Gede Angga Kusuma Jaya
    Year: 2021
    The Extrinsic Elements of Harper Lee’s to Kill a Mockingbird
    ISSHE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.25-11-2020.2306681
I Nyoman Djuana1,*, I Gede Angga Kusuma Jaya1
  • 1: Faculty of Letters, Universitas Warmadewa Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia
*Contact email: nyoman.djuana@gmail.com

Abstract

This study aims to find out the extrinsic elements and its influences found in the novel story To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee. This study used the method of library research, which is the data is described qualitatively. Furthermore, the theory used is Wellek & Warren’s theory The Theory of Literature (1956). Based on the analysis, it was found that there are four extrinsic elements in the story, there are (1) Biography of the author which indirectly influenced the story. It can be seen in the similarity of Atticus Finch and Amasa Coleman first career experience, Dill Harris has similarity family problem with Truman Capote, and they both have the same intelligence. (2) Social elements can be divided into two aspects: Personality the author viewed from her environment, and culture aspect, and the culture aspect is the fact that the culture around the author also inspires the author to incorporate it into the story. (3) Psychological of the author is the fact that psychic conditions such as the habits or behaviour of the author also influence the author to include one of the characters in the story. (4) Historical aspect is the fact that the history of American racism inspired the author and incorporated it into the story, thus making the story interesting. It can be said that racism is one of the important factors in this story.