Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Environmental Governance, ICONEG 2019, 25-26 October 2019, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Research Article

Political Economy of Berau Forest Carbon Program Implementation

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.25-10-2019.2300489,
        author={Yuniarti  Yuniarti and Tendy  Tendy and Budiman  Budiman and Cathas Teguh Prakoso},
        title={Political Economy of Berau Forest Carbon Program Implementation},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Environmental Governance, ICONEG 2019, 25-26 October 2019, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICONEG},
        year={2020},
        month={10},
        keywords={bfcp political economy interest},
        doi={10.4108/eai.25-10-2019.2300489}
    }
    
  • Yuniarti Yuniarti
    Tendy Tendy
    Budiman Budiman
    Cathas Teguh Prakoso
    Year: 2020
    Political Economy of Berau Forest Carbon Program Implementation
    ICONEG
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.25-10-2019.2300489
Yuniarti Yuniarti1,*, Tendy Tendy1, Budiman Budiman1, Cathas Teguh Prakoso1
  • 1: Universitas Mulawarman
*Contact email: yuniarti2306@yahoo.com

Abstract

Berau Forest Carbon Program is one of the first demonstration actions of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Plus in Indonesia. The goal of the program is to develop a sustainable natural resource management base-development model while reducing emissions and environmental impact. This article explains BFCP implementation in the point of view interest and political economy theories. In its implementation, the program involved a cooperation amongs actors. In the perspective of political economy, these actors interacted in the social and institutional processes, bargaining for their interests. Although, there are several interest are bargained, the remained concern was that environmental issues, whether local or global, were security problem which should be done together. There are some patterns of behavior shown in the interaction between actors. Firstly, the Government, whose main interest is to conserve and protect the environment in the same time as encouraging local economy. Secondly, local society, who is empowered in order to be primary actor in the conservancy program. Thirdly, TNC, the non-governmental organization, which act as a program designer for people empowerment. And, fourthly, US Government through USAID as the donatur. US Government also utilize the program to shift its responsibilities to protect the global environment to Indonesia in the framework of deb for nature swap based on its TFCA between the two government.