Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Nature-Based Solution in Climate Change, RESILIENCE 2023, 24 November 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Investigated The Presence of Oil in the Xylem Vessels of Mangrove Stems from Oil-contaminated Beaches

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346544,
        author={Muhammad Rifki Rizaldi and Triadiati  Triadiati and Yohana Caecilia Sulistyaningsih},
        title={Investigated The Presence of Oil in the Xylem Vessels of Mangrove Stems from Oil-contaminated Beaches},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Nature-Based Solution in Climate Change, RESILIENCE 2023, 24 November 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={RESILIENCE},
        year={2024},
        month={7},
        keywords={anatomy mangrove oil spill stem xylem vessel},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346544}
    }
    
  • Muhammad Rifki Rizaldi
    Triadiati Triadiati
    Yohana Caecilia Sulistyaningsih
    Year: 2024
    Investigated The Presence of Oil in the Xylem Vessels of Mangrove Stems from Oil-contaminated Beaches
    RESILIENCE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346544
Muhammad Rifki Rizaldi1,*, Triadiati Triadiati1, Yohana Caecilia Sulistyaningsih1
  • 1: Department of Biology, IPB University, Jalan Raya Dramaga, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat, 16680
*Contact email: muhammad_rfkrizaldi@apps.ipb.ac.id

Abstract

Mangroves are highly susceptible to pollution caused by oil spills in marine waters, leading to potential mortality. Research on the anatomical impact of oil contamination on mangrove trunks, particularly in the coastal areas around Jakarta, remains limited. This study aimed to assess the presence of oil in the xylem vessels of mangrove stems in oil-contaminated locations and quantify the number of oil-filled xylem vessels to estimate their physiological functionality. Tissue analysis was conducted using Adobe Photoshop and ImageJ software to calculate the number, area, and percentage of oil-filled xylem vessels. The results revealed a significant difference in xylem vessel density between the oil-exposed treatment and the control group. Among the three observed mangrove species, Rhizophora mucronata exhibited the lowest percentage of xylem vessels presumed to be filled with oil, in contrast to Avicennia marina and Avicennia alba.