Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Nature-Based Solution in Climate Change, RESILIENCE 2023, 24 November 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Exploring Biodiesel Potential from Black Soldier Fly Larvae with Base Catalysts

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346541,
        author={Ariyanti  Sarwono and Alvia  Harmayanti and Nurulbaiti  Listyendah Zahra and Ari  Rahman and Eri  Aryani},
        title={Exploring Biodiesel Potential from Black Soldier Fly Larvae with Base Catalysts},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Nature-Based Solution in Climate Change, RESILIENCE 2023, 24 November 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={RESILIENCE},
        year={2024},
        month={7},
        keywords={biodiesel black soldier fly larvae (bsfl) biodiesel characteristics esterification transesterification},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346541}
    }
    
  • Ariyanti Sarwono
    Alvia Harmayanti
    Nurulbaiti Listyendah Zahra
    Ari Rahman
    Eri Aryani
    Year: 2024
    Exploring Biodiesel Potential from Black Soldier Fly Larvae with Base Catalysts
    RESILIENCE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346541
Ariyanti Sarwono1,*, Alvia Harmayanti1, Nurulbaiti Listyendah Zahra2, Ari Rahman1, Eri Aryani1
  • 1: Departement of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Infrastructure Planning, Universitas Pertamina, Jakarta, 12220, Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Environmental Engineering Universitas Pertamina, Jl. Teuku Nyak Arief, Simprug, Jakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: ariyanti.sarwono@universitaspertamina.ac.id

Abstract

Biodiesel, a sustainable and renewable diesel fuel alternative, has traditionally relied on vegetable oil, but it presents challenges such as high production costs, extensive land requirements, and prolonged harvest times. This study investigates Black Soldier Fly Larvae (BSFL) as a promising alternative. BSFL offers distinct advantages, including a higher oil content, a smaller land footprint, shorter harvest periods (17-22 days), and organic waste reduction capabilities. BSFL-derived oil was extracted and converted into biodiesel using KOH and CaO as catalysts, yielding 92.71% w/w and 90.64% w/w, respectively. Biodiesel produced with KOH exhibited an ester content of 97.89%, a density of 851.69 kg/m3, a viscosity of 3.24 cSt, a heating value of 38.71 MJ/kg, and a carbon residue of 0.014%. CaOproduced biodiesel had an ester content of 64.52%, a density of 883.85 kg/m3, a viscosity of 18.15 cSt, a heating value of 38.12 MJ/kg, and zero carbon residue. BSFL, serving a dual role in waste reduction and biodiesel production, holds promise as a biodiesel source, reducing reliance on fossil fuels towards a sustainable future.