Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Nature-Based Solution in Climate Change, RESILIENCE 2023, 24 November 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Potential Of Copper-Based MOFs As Heterogeneous Catalysts In Biodiesel Production From Waste Cooking Oil (WCO)

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346497,
        author={Nila Tanyela Berghuis and Fandry Hosea Jaby and Muttaqin  Muttaqin},
        title={Potential Of Copper-Based MOFs As Heterogeneous Catalysts In Biodiesel Production From Waste Cooking Oil (WCO)},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Nature-Based Solution in Climate Change, RESILIENCE 2023, 24 November 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={RESILIENCE},
        year={2024},
        month={7},
        keywords={biodiesel heterogeneous catalyst mof-74 waste cooking oil},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346497}
    }
    
  • Nila Tanyela Berghuis
    Fandry Hosea Jaby
    Muttaqin Muttaqin
    Year: 2024
    Potential Of Copper-Based MOFs As Heterogeneous Catalysts In Biodiesel Production From Waste Cooking Oil (WCO)
    RESILIENCE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346497
Nila Tanyela Berghuis1, Fandry Hosea Jaby1, Muttaqin Muttaqin1,*
  • 1: Universitas Pertamina
*Contact email: muttaqin@universitaspertamina.ac.id

Abstract

Biodiesel is an alternative renewable energy source that is envisioned to be the most promising solution to fossil fuel dependency. Biodiesel can be manufactured from waste cooking oil with the assistance of MOF (Metal Organic Framework) based catalysts. This work involves the application of modified copper-based MOF-74 and HKUST-1 biodiesel synthesis. A series of analyses support that the Cu(II)-MOF framework was successfully formed with high yield 85% and it has moderate thermal resistance performance at 250°C. The effectiveness of two catalysts was evaluated, employing quantitative analysis to measure free fatty acid (FFA) levels and qualitative analysis using gas chromatography. As a result, the HKUST-1 catalyst performs well in both aspects, exhibiting the most substantial reduction in FFA from 12.28% to 7.46%. Furthermore, the HKUST-1 catalyst displayed consistent performance, with an average biodiesel yield remaining 80 percent. This results demonstrates the promising applicability of copper-based catalysts in the biodiesel synthesis process.