Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Nature-Based Solution in Climate Change, RESILIENCE 2023, 24 November 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

What Happens to Rainfed Corn Farmers on Climate Change? Overview of Income and Technical Efficiency at East Java

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346493,
        author={Mardiyah  Hayati and Mohammad Wahyu Firdaus and Taufik Rizal Dwi Adi Nugroho and Syafrial  Syafrial and Fatahullah  Fatahullah and Mohammad Wildanul Jannah},
        title={What Happens to Rainfed Corn Farmers on Climate Change? Overview of Income and Technical Efficiency at East Java},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Nature-Based Solution in Climate Change, RESILIENCE 2023, 24 November 2023, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={RESILIENCE},
        year={2024},
        month={7},
        keywords={climate change; corn farmers; rainfed; technical efficiency},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346493}
    }
    
  • Mardiyah Hayati
    Mohammad Wahyu Firdaus
    Taufik Rizal Dwi Adi Nugroho
    Syafrial Syafrial
    Fatahullah Fatahullah
    Mohammad Wildanul Jannah
    Year: 2024
    What Happens to Rainfed Corn Farmers on Climate Change? Overview of Income and Technical Efficiency at East Java
    RESILIENCE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-11-2023.2346493
Mardiyah Hayati1,*, Mohammad Wahyu Firdaus2, Taufik Rizal Dwi Adi Nugroho1, Syafrial Syafrial2, Fatahullah Fatahullah2, Mohammad Wildanul Jannah2
  • 1: Trunojoyo Madura University
  • 2: Brawijaya University
*Contact email: mardiyah@trunojoyo.ac.id

Abstract

Climate change conditions due to long droughts have forced farmers in East Java to adapt, especially due to limited water supplies. The research evaluates production results, considering farmers' income levels and technical efficiency under climate change conditions. We used a multistage sampling method to determine research locations, and 70 dryland and rainfed corn farmers were selected purposively. As a result, the current level of farmer income is around IDR 9,175,972 per hectare, lower than other regions in similar conditions. The Cobb-Douglass frontier function shows that seed input, fertilizer, and land area significantly influence production. Furthermore, the level of technical efficiency is 82.9%, indicating that agricultural practices still need to be more efficient in climate change conditions. This research also highlights that farmers' social activities in groups and the role of stakeholders as instructor are key variables in increasing farmers' knowledge regarding adaptation strategies in facing climate change.