phat 18: e2

Research Article

Influence of Motivational Design Techniques on Use and Acceptance of Self-Management Health Systems in Older Adults

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.24-11-2021.172219,
        author={Ine D’Haeseleer and Jamie Schoofs and Kim Schutters and Dominique Schreurs and Vero Vanden Abeele},
        title={Influence of Motivational Design Techniques on Use and Acceptance of Self-Management Health Systems in Older Adults},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Pervasive Health and Technology: Online First},
        volume={},
        number={},
        publisher={EAI},
        journal_a={PHAT},
        year={2021},
        month={11},
        keywords={Self-Management Health Systems, Older Adults, Motivational Design Techniques, Motivation Healthy Lifestyle, Mobile Device Proficiency},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-11-2021.172219}
    }
    
  • Ine D’Haeseleer
    Jamie Schoofs
    Kim Schutters
    Dominique Schreurs
    Vero Vanden Abeele
    Year: 2021
    Influence of Motivational Design Techniques on Use and Acceptance of Self-Management Health Systems in Older Adults
    PHAT
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-11-2021.172219
Ine D’Haeseleer1,2,*, Jamie Schoofs3, Kim Schutters3, Dominique Schreurs4, Vero Vanden Abeele1,2
  • 1: KU Leuven, e-Media Research Lab, Andreas Vesaliusstraat 13, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
  • 2: KU Leuven, Dep. Computer Science, Celestijnenlaan 200A, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
  • 3: Triamant, Halingenstraat 76, 3806 Velm, Belgium
  • 4: KU Leuven, ESAT-WAVECORE, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
*Contact email: ine.dhaeseleer@kuleuven.be

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Self-Management Health Systems (SMHS) are envisioned to support older adults and contribute to ageing in place. To promote the use and acceptance of SMHS, designers may resort to using motivational design techniques (MDT).

OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates how and which older adults prefer MDT in SMHS and whether these preferences are mediated by either motivation for health management (MHM) or mobile device proficiency (MDP).

METHODS: Based on a user evaluation with 45 older adults (mean age=84, SD=6.75), 32 MDT, MHM, and MDP were polled through questionnaires and informal interviews.

RESULTS: Findings showed that most techniques were welcomed, but also that scores vary widely, reflecting heterogeneity in the population and calling for caution in its implementation. These findings are then translated into implications for design.

CONCLUSION: Overall, older adults welcome MDT in SMHS. However, MDT are no panacea; tailoring MDT to users’ needs is therefore crucial.