Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science, and Culture, ICIESC 2023, 24 October 2023, Medan, Indonesia

Research Article

Review the Effect of using Bioetanol Fuel in Internal Combustion Engine to Reduce Toxic Gas Emissions

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-10-2023.2342282,
        author={Hanapi  Hasan and Siman  Siman and Safri  Gunawan and Hasan  Maksum and Agus  Noviar P},
        title={Review the Effect of using Bioetanol Fuel in Internal  Combustion Engine to Reduce Toxic Gas Emissions},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science, and Culture, ICIESC 2023, 24 October 2023, Medan, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIESC},
        year={2024},
        month={1},
        keywords={bioethanol emission spark ignition engine},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-10-2023.2342282}
    }
    
  • Hanapi Hasan
    Siman Siman
    Safri Gunawan
    Hasan Maksum
    Agus Noviar P
    Year: 2024
    Review the Effect of using Bioetanol Fuel in Internal Combustion Engine to Reduce Toxic Gas Emissions
    ICIESC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-10-2023.2342282
Hanapi Hasan1,*, Siman Siman1, Safri Gunawan1, Hasan Maksum2, Agus Noviar P3
  • 1: Mechanical Engineering Education Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Negeri Medan, Jl. William Iskandar, Indonesia
  • 2: Automotive Engineering Education Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Negeri Padang, Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka, Indonesia
  • 3: STKIP AL Maksum Langkat, Stabat, Indonesia
*Contact email: hanapi_hasan@unimed.ac.id

Abstract

The increasingly restrictive worldwide emission law necessitates significant efforts to achieve emission quality criteria while increasing combustion efficiency. Fuel ethanol combined with gasoline is one promising approach. Since it can be produced without the use of fossil fuels and has a high octane rating, ethanol is often utilized as an alternative fuel or a valuable additive to gasoline. Therefore, much study has been done on the effects on emissions and engine performance. Rather than using agricultural or woody biomass, many researchers now make bioethanol from industrial, municipal, and herbaceous wastes. The majority of the engine test results demonstrated a notable increase in engine performance and improved combustion properties for bioethanol fuel. Additionally, there was a decrease in the emissions of carbon monoxide and unburned hydrocarbons. On the other hand, there was no significantly appreciable decrease in carbon dioxide or nitrogen oxide emissions. Additionally, unregulated emissions like those of aromatics, acetaldehyde, and carbonyls did not significantly decline.