Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science, and Culture, ICIESC 2023, 24 October 2023, Medan, Indonesia

Research Article

Improving Quality of Used Lubricant Oil as an Alternative Fuel Through the Pyrolysis Process

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-10-2023.2342067,
        author={Bisrul Hapis Tambunan and Janter Pangaduan Simanjuntak and Robert  Silaban and Riduwan  Riduwan},
        title={Improving Quality of Used Lubricant Oil as an  Alternative Fuel Through the Pyrolysis Process},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science, and Culture, ICIESC 2023, 24 October 2023, Medan, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIESC},
        year={2024},
        month={1},
        keywords={used lubricant oil pyrolysis},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-10-2023.2342067}
    }
    
  • Bisrul Hapis Tambunan
    Janter Pangaduan Simanjuntak
    Robert Silaban
    Riduwan Riduwan
    Year: 2024
    Improving Quality of Used Lubricant Oil as an Alternative Fuel Through the Pyrolysis Process
    ICIESC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-10-2023.2342067
Bisrul Hapis Tambunan1,*, Janter Pangaduan Simanjuntak1, Robert Silaban1, Riduwan Riduwan2
  • 1: Mechanical Engineering Department, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan 20221, North Sumatera, Indonesia
  • 2: UKM Arang Binaan PKBL PT. KIM, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesi
*Contact email: bisrulhapis@gmail.com

Abstract

Handling the problem caused by hazardous waste and toxic (B3 waste) including used lubricating oil (ULO) of vehicles is very important because it hurts the environment and living things. In addition, exploration of energy sources continues to be carried out due to a decrease in the main energy source causing the energy crisis issue to get scarier. ULO is one of the energy sources that can be used as an alternative fuel through pyrolysis. This study aims to examine the pyrolysis process of ULO by controlling its temperature and heating rate to produce distillate gasoline-like fuel (GLF) and diesel-like fuel (DLF). The research method is a laboratory test where a certain amount of ULO is put into the pyrolysis reactor and then heated at a controlled temperature. Due to the influence of heat, ULO decomposes on several types of liquids named waste oil pyrolysis fuel (WOPF) similar to conventional fuels which can be identified by the color of the resulting liquid.