Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (formerly ICCSSIS), ICCSIS 2019, 24-25 October 2019, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Phenomenological Study of Poso Terrorists Ex-Inmates Community: The Identity Transformation: from Terrorists to Caravan Warrior of Peace

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-10-2019.2290624,
        author={Lukman S. Thahir},
        title={Phenomenological Study of Poso Terrorists Ex-Inmates Community: The Identity Transformation: from Terrorists to Caravan Warrior of Peace},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (formerly ICCSSIS), ICCSIS 2019, 24-25 October 2019, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSSIS},
        year={2019},
        month={12},
        keywords={phenomenology terrorism terrorist ex-inmate identity transformation caravan warrior of   peace},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-10-2019.2290624}
    }
    
  • Lukman S. Thahir
    Year: 2019
    Phenomenological Study of Poso Terrorists Ex-Inmates Community: The Identity Transformation: from Terrorists to Caravan Warrior of Peace
    ICSSIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-10-2019.2290624
Lukman S. Thahir1,*
  • 1: Faculty of Ushuluddin, Adab and dakwah, IAIN Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
*Contact email: lukmanst65@iain.ac.id

Abstract

This article is the result of the research on the Phenomenological Study of Poso Terrorists Ex-Inmates Community (The Identity Transformation: from Terrorists to Caravan Warrior of Peace) conducted in Poso Regency, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The objective of this study was to cut the chain of terrorist movement by changing their mindsets which are based on very complex behaviors and factors to transform their identities from terrorists to peace fighters. The main questions of this research were focused on: 1) How did the terrorist ex-inmates identify themselves before experiencing an identity transformation process). How did the process of identity transformation take place amongst the terrorist ex-inmates and 3) How did the terrorist ex-inmates identify themselves after the transformation? Phenomenological descriptive and psychological analysis of John Morgan’s disengagement model were employed to answer these problems. The results show that 1) the terrorist ex-inmates of Poso identified themselves, prior to the transformation of the identity, as mujahidin or jihadists of Poso; 2) the transformation process took place within two phases, psychological and physical, elaborated by employing the 7th habit of effective people; and 3) the terrorist ex-inmates identified themselves, after the transformation, as Caravan Warrior of Peace indicated by their role as a counter-terrorism speakers amongst community members.