Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (formerly ICCSSIS), ICCSIS 2019, 24-25 October 2019, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Uang Kebon and Colonial Power Relations in East Sumatra Plantation

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-10-2019.2290582,
        author={Tappil  Rambe and Leylia  Khairani},
        title={Uang Kebon and Colonial Power Relations in East Sumatra Plantation},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (formerly ICCSSIS), ICCSIS 2019, 24-25 October 2019, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSSIS},
        year={2019},
        month={12},
        keywords={uang kebon power relations east sumatera colonialism},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-10-2019.2290582}
    }
    
  • Tappil Rambe
    Leylia Khairani
    Year: 2019
    Uang Kebon and Colonial Power Relations in East Sumatra Plantation
    ICSSIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-10-2019.2290582
Tappil Rambe1,*, Leylia Khairani2
  • 1: Department of Historical Education, Universitas Negeri Medan, Jl. William Iskandar, Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Magister of Communication on Sciences, University of Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
*Contact email: tappilrambe98@gmail.com

Abstract

Colonialism in East Sumatra has been going on since the 19th century, which was initiated by the emergence and development of the plantation industry. In maintaining the power of the gardeners the practice of a binding power system for plantation workers. The colonialism system through the legitimacy of using uang kebon that prevails in the plantation environment reflects the hegemony of power of the colonialism system in plantations. The type of research used is qualitative research. The data source used in this study is the uang kebon archive which is a collection of the Museum Uang Sumatera. The results showed that there were differences in uang kebon and official currency used by the rulers of the Dutch East Indies. Money is used as the highest authority that not only acts as a medium of exchange (economic and monetary tools) but also as a political tool and the legitimacy of power (money power) to maintain power in the East Sumatra plantation area.