Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (formerly ICCSSIS), ICCSIS 2019, 24-25 October 2019, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Silvofishery Pond: An Alternative to Disaster Mitigation Efforts

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-10-2019.2290560,
        author={Meilinda Suriani Harefa and Zulkifli  Nasution and Miswar Budi Mulya and Azhar  Maksum},
        title={Silvofishery Pond: An Alternative to Disaster Mitigation Efforts},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (formerly ICCSSIS), ICCSIS 2019, 24-25 October 2019, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSSIS},
        year={2019},
        month={12},
        keywords={silvofishery pond disaster mitigation},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-10-2019.2290560}
    }
    
  • Meilinda Suriani Harefa
    Zulkifli Nasution
    Miswar Budi Mulya
    Azhar Maksum
    Year: 2019
    Silvofishery Pond: An Alternative to Disaster Mitigation Efforts
    ICSSIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-10-2019.2290560
Meilinda Suriani Harefa1,*, Zulkifli Nasution1, Miswar Budi Mulya1, Azhar Maksum1
  • 1: Universitas Sumatera Utara, North Sumatera, Indonesia
*Contact email: meilindasuriani@unimed.ac.id

Abstract

This study aims to determine the background of the community practiced silvofishery pond model to mitigate disaster in Tanjungrejo village, district of Percut Sei Tuan, Deli Serdang regency. This research was conducted with a questionnaire tool, interviews and field observations of 22 informants who have good pond infrastructure and have been practicing silvofishery pond model for 5 years. This research uses the descriptive method with a qualitative approach. The results showed that all of the questions asked to farmers, there were 10 statements that were submitted and 4 of them were the most frequent statements that could be a conclusion about the background of the fish-farmer practised silvofishery pond model, including percentage of mangrove in the pond, affects non-cultivation production during the high tide (95 %), total area of mangrove stands has a positive impact on the activity of crab enlargement in the pond (91%), maintaining the presence of mangroves around the pond can better affect fisheries production (91%), and the number of stands mangroves in ponds can prevent damage from wave blows (86%). As the factors that indicate silvofishery pond model as one of disaster mitigation efforts is the continuity of the mangrove function as an instrument to protect the land from erosion and abrasion, the presence of mangroves on the pond can reduce and absorb strong winds from the sea and as a producer of organic materials that support the food chain.