Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Multidisciplinary and Applications (WMA) 2018, 24-25 January 2018, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

Flood Early Warning System Design Using Wireless Sensor Network

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-1-2018.2292393,
        author={E  Madona and Y  Yulastri and M  Irmansyah and A  Nasution},
        title={Flood Early Warning System Design Using Wireless Sensor Network},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Multidisciplinary and Applications (WMA) 2018, 24-25 January 2018, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={WMA-2},
        year={2020},
        month={2},
        keywords={arduino uno database server rainfall sensor wireless sensor network xbee2},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-1-2018.2292393}
    }
    
  • E Madona
    Y Yulastri
    M Irmansyah
    A Nasution
    Year: 2020
    Flood Early Warning System Design Using Wireless Sensor Network
    WMA-2
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-1-2018.2292393
E Madona1,*, Y Yulastri1, M Irmansyah1, A Nasution1
  • 1: Politeknik Negeri Padang, Kampus Politeknik Negeri Padang-Limau manis, Padang,Indonesia
*Contact email: emadona38@gmail.com

Abstract

This research designs and implements wireless sensor networks as a tool for delivery, routers and data recipients at flood early warning in batu busuk river, Padang - West Sumatera. The multihop wireless communication system using XBee Pro S2 with one of two routers acts as a backup communication path. The system will consist of end devices include humidity temperature sensor, rainfall, wind direction, and wind speed, Arduino Uno, and XBee S2, 2 XBee S2 router, and a coordinator covering XBee S2 and raspberry Pi as database server. The test results show the minimum network recovery time required by the device to build a new communication network after the network was disconnected due to router off is 7,5 seconds and maximum time is 84 seconds. Data packet loss got 0% at 100 m to 150 m and 1 % with 250 m. The process of self-healing networks can work well and the length of time required by the end device to perform the manufacture of communication networks is 10.5 seconds. Testing the delay of sending data from end device to database server is 63,6 s.