Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Multidisciplinary and Applications (WMA) 2018, 24-25 January 2018, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

Measurement of Hazardous Solid Waste Generation and Composition from Institutional Source in Padang City, Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-1-2018.2292383,
        author={Y  Ruslinda and S  Raharjo and R  Aziz and Y  Dewilda and R N Permadi},
        title={Measurement of Hazardous Solid Waste Generation and Composition from Institutional Source in Padang City, Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Multidisciplinary and Applications (WMA) 2018, 24-25 January 2018, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={WMA-2},
        year={2020},
        month={2},
        keywords={hazardous solid waste generation composition institutional sources},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-1-2018.2292383}
    }
    
  • Y Ruslinda
    S Raharjo
    R Aziz
    Y Dewilda
    R N Permadi
    Year: 2020
    Measurement of Hazardous Solid Waste Generation and Composition from Institutional Source in Padang City, Indonesia
    WMA-2
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-1-2018.2292383
Y Ruslinda1,*, S Raharjo1, R Aziz1, Y Dewilda1, R N Permadi1
  • 1: Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Andalas University, Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
*Contact email: yenni@ft.unand.ac.id

Abstract

Hazardous solid waste (HSW) is not only produced from industrial sources, but also from other sources such as domestic, commercial, and institutional. This waste should be managed properly because it can damage the environment and endanger health. In planning a management system of HSW, data of generation and composition are needed. This study aims to determine and analyze the generation and the composition of HSW which generated from institutional sources of Padang City, Indonesia. It consists of educational, health, and office facilities. Sampling number and determination were defined based on SNI 19-3964-1994. By analyzing 37 samples with a reliability level of 97.97%, it was found that the average generation unit of HSW of institutional sources of Padang City is 0.0807 kg/cap/day in weight basis, or 0.06559 liters/cap/day in volume basis. Waste generation of HSW from health facilities is greater than from educational facilities and office facilities. The composition of HSW found in institutional sources based on the type of its use is generally in the form of cleaning products and body care, while based on its characteristics are corrosive and toxic. The percentage of HSW in municipal solid waste generated from institutional sources ranged from 4.4 to 6.9%. Therefore, it is necessary to plan specific management for HSW from institutional sources in Padang City.