Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Multidisciplinary and Applications (WMA) 2018, 24-25 January 2018, Padang, Indonesia

Research Article

The Association of Anterior Teeth Appearance and Psychosocial Level Using Spearman Correlation for Teenagers

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.24-1-2018.2292380,
        author={S  Susi and R  Semiarty and H  Viyanti and M  Murniwati and M  Minarni},
        title={The Association of Anterior Teeth Appearance and Psychosocial Level Using Spearman Correlation for Teenagers},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Multidisciplinary and Applications (WMA) 2018, 24-25 January 2018, Padang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={WMA-2},
        year={2020},
        month={2},
        keywords={anterior teeth appearance teenagers  psychosocial pidaq and ac iotn},
        doi={10.4108/eai.24-1-2018.2292380}
    }
    
  • S Susi
    R Semiarty
    H Viyanti
    M Murniwati
    M Minarni
    Year: 2020
    The Association of Anterior Teeth Appearance and Psychosocial Level Using Spearman Correlation for Teenagers
    WMA-2
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.24-1-2018.2292380
S Susi1,*, R Semiarty2, H Viyanti1, M Murniwati1, M Minarni3
  • 1: Dentistry Faculty, Andalas University, Indonesia
  • 2: Medicine Faculty, Andalas University, Indonesia
  • 3: Health Polytechnic of Health Ministry Padang, Indonesia
*Contact email: susi@dent.unand.co.id

Abstract

Dentofacial aesthetics disorders such as malocclusions have a negative impact on psychosocial conditions that will interfere with psychological well-being especially in adolescence. Some aspects of facial appearance and dental aesthetics are important for their self-esteem. Soh, et al stated that malocclusion, especially in anterior teeth, leads to negative self-concept. This study aims to investigate the correlation between anterior teeth appearance on teenagers' psychosocial. This is a cross-sectional study located in SMA 10 Padang. In this study 89 students aged 14-18 years were selected. The anterior teeth appearance was assessed using a standard Aesthetic Component photograph of the Aesthetic Component of Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need grade 1 (IOTN). Psychosocial conditions will be observed by the self-rated Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the Spearman and Mann Whitney test. There is a 31.5% sample with the best aesthetic score and 66% sample did not need orthodontic treatment. The effect of anterior tooth appearance on psychosocial (p <0.001), on self-esteem (p <0.001), on social impact (p <0.05), on psychological impact (p <0.005), and on esthetic impact (p< 0.05).There is a significant relationship between the anterior teeth appearance based on Aesthetic Component from IOTN and the teenager's psychosocial.