First International Conference on Advances in Education, Humanities, and Language, ICEL 2019, Malang, Indonesia, 23-24 March 2019

Research Article

Local Wisdom in Suwuk of Javanese Spells: Ethnolinguistics Studies

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.23-3-2019.2284920,
        author={D  Ardhian and N B Fauzi and V  Hardinata and Warsiman  Warsiman and E  Mutiarazani},
        title={Local Wisdom in Suwuk of Javanese Spells: Ethnolinguistics Studies},
        proceedings={First International Conference on Advances in Education, Humanities, and Language, ICEL 2019, Malang, Indonesia, 23-24 March 2019},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICEL},
        year={2019},
        month={7},
        keywords={suwuk (baby spell) dukun suwuk (baby healers) pacitan ethnolinguistics},
        doi={10.4108/eai.23-3-2019.2284920}
    }
    
  • D Ardhian
    N B Fauzi
    V Hardinata
    Warsiman Warsiman
    E Mutiarazani
    Year: 2019
    Local Wisdom in Suwuk of Javanese Spells: Ethnolinguistics Studies
    ICEL
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.23-3-2019.2284920
D Ardhian1,*, N B Fauzi1, V Hardinata1, Warsiman Warsiman1, E Mutiarazani1
  • 1: Faculty of Culture Studies, Universitas Brawijaya
*Contact email: danyardhian@ub.ac.id

Abstract

Suwuk (baby spell) is an alternative healing method carried out by dukun suwuk (healers) in traditional Javanese society. This healing method uses a spell text recite with massage. Suwuk serves to ward off spirits that are considered disturbing the baby, while massage is useful for relaxation. This research uses the text of suwuk from Mbah Monah, dukun suwuk from Nanggungan Village, Pacitan, East Java. Data collection using observation method. Data analysis uses language analysis at Phonology, syntax, and semantics. The results show there are inconsistencies in the phonological and syntactic levels. The suwuk is more concerned with the aspect of meaning (semantically) than the beauty of the sound since this mantra is not recite aloud, but whispered. In the institutional structure of society, suwuk shaman is equivalent to an elder. He inherited the skills of massaging the baby from generation to generation from his parents. Arabic and Javanese language marks a blend of Islamic and Javanese cultures. Islamic texts are present to avoid shirk (associate with God). The dukun suwuk profession is also useful in the solution of family problems.